|Abstract: ||現今科技發展快速，液晶光電應用於顯示器技術已相當成熟，同時國內外研發團隊也積極致力於其他相關領域之應用與開發。此外，偏振光學的特性在許多光電產品的應用上也扮演著相當重要的角色，如上述提及之液晶顯示器及3D立體眼鏡等，皆為涵蓋偏振光學的應用，因此調控光的偏振性必然成為光電領域中極為重要的一環。然而，目前市面上改變線性偏振光之光學元件，如半波板(Half-wave plate)、扭轉向列型液晶 (Twisted nematic liquid crystal，簡稱TN-LC)結構等元件，皆有不同的優缺點，如半波板僅針對單一波長有最好的線偏振轉換效應，且必須旋轉光軸方能改變線偏振旋轉之角度，而TN-LC則須符合Mauguin limit方能具備偏振旋轉特性，且無法任意改變線偏振旋轉角度等缺點。換言之，若能開發出不同的方法製造更新穎的光學元件，用以改變線性偏振光之偏振角度，且能彌補上述既有元件的缺點，相信其應用潛力將極為廣大。|
;Nowadays, development of technology is rapidly getting better and better. The applications of liquid crystals on display technology are considerably matured. At the same time, many scientists have also been paying much attention to the relative applications. Additionally, the characteristics of polarization optics, used in many electro-optical products, such as liquid crystal displays, 3D technology, etc., therefore, play the very important roles. Hence, it is the modulation of light polarization that has become a significant technique in electro-optical field. Regarding the rotation of polarization direction of linearly polarized light, the currently developed electro-optical products, such as half-wave plates, twisted nematic liquid crystal (TN-LC), and others, for modulating the polarization direction of linearly polarized light possess their different pros and cons. It can be understood that the performance of a half-wave plate is wavelength dependent, and its optical axis should be mechanically rotated to change the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light. Moreover, TN-LC can be able to rotate the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light to a specific angle within the Mauguin limit so that it cannot be used to simply change the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light. Hence, the development of novel optical devices to rotate the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light is a significantly important trend.
This study presents a novel approach to rotate the polarization direction of linearly polarized light from one angle to others via the exposure of UV light based on chiral azobenzene-doped cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs). Because the adopted chiral azobenzene is a kind of chiral dopants with optically tunable helical twisting power, the polarization direction of linearly polarized light can be rotated optically due to the optical tuning of the CLCs pitch length. According to the experimental results, if the CLCs with planar textures and with the selective Bragg reflection of wavelength longer than infrared, the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light with relative shorter wavelength (visible wavelength and near infrared) can be rotated. Notably, the rotated angle is dependent on the wavelength of incident light, the pitch length of CLCs, the pitch numbers, and others. In this thesis, the following three topics will be reported and discussed, including (1) various factors described above to affect the rotation of the polarization direction of linearly polarized light; (2) demonstration of an optically controllable linear-polarization rotator using chiral azobenzene-doped CLCs and (3) verification and comparison of experimental and simulated results.