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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/71961


    Title: 基於殘餘值差異之HEVC轉換單位快速決策演算法;A Fast TU Mode Decision Algorithm Based on Residual Difference for HEVC
    Authors: 李念容;Li,Nian-Rong
    Contributors: 通訊工程學系
    Keywords: 高效率視訊壓縮編碼;轉換單位;零區塊;殘餘值;HEVC;TU;Residual;inter;Fast Algorithm;Transform
    Date: 2016-07-26
    Issue Date: 2016-10-13 14:09:12 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC)是一種新一代的視訊壓縮技術,近年來由JCT-VC (ISO/IEC MPEG和 ITU-TVCEG)所開發與制定,其編碼效率相較於過去的視訊壓縮標準H.264/AVC有大幅的提升,僅需約H.264/AVC之50%的位元率,即能達到與之相同的影像品質。
    HEVC中可變式的轉換單位(Transform unit, TU),其預設大小從4x4到32x32,並採用四分樹狀編碼結構(Residual Quad-tree)提供更多編碼區塊大小以適應畫面特性,雖然提供更好的編碼效能,但因其複雜的編碼架構,相對地大幅增加運算複雜度。然而視訊編碼複雜度隨著解析度的增加不斷提升,因此發展TU模式之快速決策演算法是非常重要的議題之一。
    本論文提供一個轉換單位模式之快速決策演算法,其演算法利用轉換前的殘餘值資訊提前做決策,總共分為兩部分探討:首先第一部份利用相同區塊之不同預測模式下的殘餘值去判斷是否提前終止該預測模式下之TU流程;第二部分為利用殘餘值差異之特性來判斷子區塊之差異性,提前跳過或是提前終止該轉換單位之編碼;最後搭配參考[3]所提出之零區塊偵測法來提前中止轉換單位之編碼。整合起來後即可達到省下不必要的TU模式來降低編碼端的運算時間。本論文所提出之方法在Low Delay P的配置下總時間平均節省約18.82%,而BD-BR僅提升0.469%,並且在轉換單位上平均節省的時間約64.07%,最高的視訊影像則省了75.64%的轉換單位時間。;High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is the latest standard of video compression. The residual quadtree (RQT) coding structure, which provides many kinds of transform size for various characteristics of video, is adopted in HEVC to achieve high coding efficiency. However, compared with previous standards, HEVC increase encoding complexity significantly due to the advanced encoding structure. Thus, to develop a method that can efficiently reduce TU encoding time is necessary.
    A Fast TU Mode Decision Algorithm Based on Residual Difference is proposed in this thesis to reduce the computational complexity. The proposed algorithm utilized the residual difference to develop the criterion of early TU skip and termination. The threshold was trained by the first few samples of sequence, which will be affected by sequence characteristic and QPs. Experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm saves at most 75.64% TU encoding time and on average 64.07% TU encoding time compared with HM 15.0 in low delay P main and the loss of average BD-BR is no more than 0.5%.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Communication Engineering] Electronic Thesis & Dissertation

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