;The study aims to analyze the transforming movements in dealing with educational difficulties regarding the system of teacher cultivation of Primary Education from 1895 to 1980 in Taiwan. The samples analyzed will fall on the National Tainan Normal University. Due to several times of authority-power transferring in Taiwan’s history, the incumbent government from diverse parties, given the efficient implementation of various policies, always takes education policy for priority. Plenty of ruling policies have been deeply rooted in Taiwan by means of educational drills in which primary-education drill, however, appears to be the most crucial. Teacher cultivation is being of importance, especially from cultivating institutes which are supposed to be examined by governments. In the pioneering stage, no other institutes can help train teachers except for Normal Schools or Junior Teachers’ College founded by government. Teacher cultivation programs can be traced back to Japanese colonial period in Taiwan. Taiwan Governor General’s Office not only founded mandarin school of normal in Taipei in 1896, but also established three Normal Schools in 1898 respectively in Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. NUTN was dissolved in 1904 though, it has played a vital role in cultivating teachers for primary schools since 1919; as a result of the situation, NUTN will be discussed in this research.
In the process of teacher cultivation in Taiwan, it could be obviously observed that the system alternation of Teacher cultivation has much to do with modification of educational policies. For instance, NUTN was reestablished in 1919 is mainly due to the shortage of Taiwanese teachers. In addition, because of Chinese-speaking advocacy and lots of Japanese teachers repatriated to Japan, R.O.C. Taiwan in 1946 both renamed and restructured NUTN, and even recruited students of Normal School to deal with the phenomenon of teaching shortage. Later in 1960s, the teachers’ quality is being emphasized due to high demand for teaching talents. In 1962, meanwhile, Provincial Tainan Junior Teachers’ College is born and there are no longer graduates from senior high but from Junior Teachers’ College. The transition from the serial system of Teacher-cultivation stems from the teacher’s shortage and enhancement.
Keywords: Tainan Normal School, Provincial Tainan Junior Teachers’ College, Students of Normal School