|摘要: ||摘 要|
;Striding Mountains And Writing Plants:
Construction And Spread Knowledge About Taiwan Mountain Plants（1684-1945）
This article explores Taiwan mountain plants from the period of darkness, enlightenment, exploring, and settled in final as well as the evolution and development of themselves. Furthermore, it also explores the process of Taiwan mountain plants from professional into civil knowledges.
Before treaty ports were open to western in late Qing dynasty, it can be described as a "Dark Period" of mountain plants in Taiwan. Because of the indigenous people and other restrictions, Taiwan high mountain areas were prohibitive, only by natural factors, transaction, or legend that can get Taiwan mountain plants. When western people came to Taiwan after 1860, not only opened the door of exploration, spread the scientific knowledges of plants, but changed Chinese traditional writing mode of local history abou plants. Although they faced many obstracles, western scientific knowledge of botany based on academic system had still affected the development of Taiwan botany, it can be described the" Enlightenment Period ".
Taiwan mountain plants were exposed to the world should be traced Japanese colonial period. For the sake of successful control, Taiwan Governors Office employed a number of scholars and technicians to investigate Taiwan mountain. The first step with relation to plants was climbed “Jade Mountain”, then set the "Island of Useful Plants Investigation", issued aboriginal policy, founded “Taiwan Museum Society” and other organizations. Because of political stability in Taiwan, opportunity for western to capture Taiwan plants was restarted again. Owing to Taiwan Governors Office established a comprehensive system of botany, this time can be described as "Explorated and Settled Period".
With the implementation of education and various policies, Taiwan mountain plants were brilliant, not only proved the successful of Taiwan Forest Policy, prompted people to get close to mountains and acquired plants knowledges, but also led the people reflect the preservation and sustainable development of Taiwan montain plants. Although Japanese lead academic investagtions and studies for half of century, it also terminated after World War II.
Keywords: Taiwan Mountain Plants, Plant collection and survey, Botany education, Sustainable development