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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/72481


    Title: 國內統包制度履約效率之研究-以公共建築工程為核心
    Authors: 梁國聖;Liang,Guo-Sheng
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 統包;公共建築;契約效率;政府採購法;Turnkey Contract;Public Work;Contract Efficiency;Government Procurement Law
    Date: 2016-07-13
    Issue Date: 2016-10-13 15:23:16 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 民國101年10月,行政院辦理「統包執行精進及推動計畫」,期望藉由法規鬆綁等措施推動統包工程,然機關採用統包之現況與計畫目標仍有落差,其原因可能在於統包與傳統工程(設計完成後發包施工)間存在機關與廠商間立場本質的差異性,部分機關誤以有限經驗沿用傳統工程契約之管理方式,對待統包工程之履約管理程序形成錯誤或盲點,進而導致機關質疑統包制度應用於公共工程之適用性與此制度之存在價值。
    由於現行的統包契約範本係透過修改傳統工程契約制定而成,不免會存在一些傳統工程契約之特性與邏輯,因此在執行統包契約時,就會產生違背統包精神的履約行為,此類之情事確實可能導致使用統包契約所應有的效率被減低或滅失;透過本研究建議之修正版本,希冀機關得正確履行統包契約應有之作為,發揮統包特性提升公共建築工程之品質,累積正確經驗導正無效率之情事,誘使廠商參與公共建設時引進新技術、新工法,以利國內營造業之發展。
    透過契約或相關法規的修改或許能使統包公共工程之辦理趨向更有效率的層面,但若非參與人員明確理解契約之意涵,欲促使統包制度更能適度加以運用之發展便趨於有限,公共建築工程實際採用統包契約之案例甚是有限,部分機關對於條文、約款之認知,部分觀念仍就尚未脫離傳統思維,因此如何培訓機關人員對於統包之認知與履約管理程序,亦為當前相當重要的任務。
    雖然工程會對於統包工程契約之審查有提供參考手冊,但許多審查工作實際上是以主觀態度處理,因此在審查細部設計及其他文件之作為上仍有相當大的進步空間,期待後進能提出適用於統包契約的審查流程以利業界應用。
    ;Turnkey contracting offers a unique opportunity for project delivery success, by combining design and construction within the same project team. The elimination of interfaces between design and construction allows construction professionals to communicate freely, away from man-made gridlocks along the progression of a project. On the other hand, turnkey contracting is rather shunned upon by public work owners, because the tendering process is susceptible to outside scrutiny, and contract administration requires more discretion on the part of the owner.

    Although the introduction of turnkey contracting to public works has endured more than three decades, and the Government Procurement Law has formally announced its use since 1998, the prevalence of turnkey contracting is still limited to academic research, rather than in the industry. In the few turnkey cases, the administration of turnkey contract still withstands substantial inefficiency. The aim of this research is to investigate the modes of inefficiency and the cause for such inefficiencies, and to present a set of solutions to improve the current stagnation.

    Thru wide scope interviews, this research has identified six areas of inefficiency in turnkey contract administration, including contract interpretation, review/approval procedure, passiveness of public officials, government agency culture, confusing role of owner representative, and the lack of incentive system. This research also concludes a number of recommendations to existing regulation and government contract forms, in order to improve or alleviate the current inefficient status of turnkey contracting. The contribution of this research is to offer future participants in turnkey contracting, including both the owner and the contractor, to take positive steps in administering contract procedures, so that the fruition of turnkey partnering spirit may be expected.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of construction engineering] Electronic Thesis & Dissertation

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