English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 69937/69937 (100%)
Visitors : 23189060      Online Users : 734
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/72570

    Title: 徑向行星際磁場事件之特性及其對磁層之影響;The characteristic of the radial IMF events and its inference for the magnetosphere
    Authors: 畢可為;Pi, Gilbert
    Contributors: 太空科學研究所
    Keywords: 太陽風;徑向行星際磁場;磁場結構;磁層頂;solar wind;radial IMF;magnetic field structure;magnetopause
    Date: 2016-11-10
    Issue Date: 2017-01-23 16:07:37 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 長持續時間之徑向行星際磁場事件在行星際空間中並不常見,且屬於相對平靜之太陽風條件,但是其特殊之磁場指向,會導致磁層產生許多特殊的結構。本篇論文利用OMNI資料庫以及THEMIS任務所提供之觀測資料,針對此類事件在太陽風中之特性以及對磁層頂附近結構之影響作了完整之討論。長持續時間之徑向行星際磁場的發生頻率與太陽活動週期並沒有明顯關聯。當徑向行星際磁場事件發生時,其結構會在徑向方向延伸,造成整個結構擴張,同時也使得磁場強度、密度以及溫度下降。與年平均值相比,其下降比例分別為17.5%、21.9%以及35.8%。而太陽風動壓也下降27.8%。由於動壓的下降會使得磁層頂往外移動。另一方面,當行星際磁場為徑向時,快速磁聲波之馬赫數也會較低,因此,船艏震波也會因而向內移動。徑向行星際磁場穿過船艏震波後,BY與BZ都會被明顯放大,並且BX會隨著電漿流慢慢轉向另外兩個分量,進而包覆整個磁層頂,造成磁層頂外之磁場指向呈現南北不對稱之結構。此一不對稱之結構亦導致磁重聯發生之位置不對稱,磁重聯發生後,磁鞘中的磁場結構會被改變,造成磁層頂外受到北向磁場影響的區域變大,同時產生外低緯度邊界層。;Long-duration radial interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) events are one of the special solar wind conditions when the orientation of the IMFis aligned with the solar wind velocity. The radial IMF events usually are regarded as quiet solar conditions, but the unique orientation of the IMF can lead to some consequences in the magnetospheric system. In this thesis, we used the OMNI and THEMIS data to investigate the characteristics of the radial IMF events and its influence on the magnetospheric system. During the events, the IMF magnitude, solar wind speed, density, and especially its temperature are depressed in comparison with their yearly averages. In contrast to previous studies, we have found that the total time of the radial IMF per year does not change with solar activity. MHD simulation models failed to predict the location of the magnetopause under the radial IMF condition. A part of the inaccuracy is due to the use of assumed solar wind parameters in the simulations. Here we provide MHD modelers with the real solar wind parameters for simulations of the radial IMF. When the magnetic field transited through the bow shock, we compared the simultaneous data from OMNI database, THEMIS-B in the solar wind, and THEMIS-C in the magnetosheath to investigate the relationship between the magnetic field structures in the solar wind and in the magnetosheath. We found that the magnetic field will be enhanced in all components, especially in By, under the radial IMF conditions. After that, Bx will divert to the Y and Z components, but the diversion to By will be larger than that to Bz in this case. In the magnetosheath region near the magnetopause, the magnetic field will drape around the magnetopause, having an asymmetric magnetic field orientation in different hemispheres. It will lead to an asymmetric location of reconnection under radial IMF conditions and rearrange the structure of the magnetic field near the magnetopause. Once the reconnection takes place, the plane separating different orientations of the magnetic field in the magnetosheath shifts. It will lead to an enlargement of the region near the magnetopause affected by the positive magnetosheath Bz and enhance the positive Bz in the magnetosheath near the subsolar magnetopause.
    Appears in Collections:[太空科學研究所 ] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat

    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback  - 隱私權政策聲明