;Living is a basic human need, but housing prices raised a lot in recent years, it is a luxury demand for young people to have a home ownership in Taiwan. This study assumes that the site selection of social housing will affect the supply of social housing, and the supply of social housing will affect the dilemma of youth compensation policy objectives to achieve. If the government wants to implement social housing policy to effectively achieve a living justice, this study considers that it is necessary to discuss the decision-making at the site selection stage.
Taipei city is the most difficult area to buy or rent house in Taiwan, and the definition of public housing in Taipei is the same as the definition of social housing in residential law, so this study will take public housing in Taipei as the research object. This study is expected to summarize the strategy of Taipei′s public housing site selection from the policy practice by means of field visits.And analyze the difference between the actual location and the official location indicators?
If the public housing policy in Taipei to be more appropriate response to demand, this study considers that the following indicators need to be taken into account: public housing must be located in the city of Taipei；traffic settings must be convenient in public housing communities；Hospitals and clinics are adequate in the community；the educational resources in the community are adequate；it is convenient for shopping in the community；the rental cost of public housing is affordable；public construction is sufficient and there are no NIMBY facilities in the community. This study will use the above indicators to assess the location of the Taipei city government has been selected. Include the following locations:
Longshan Temple Station, Gangqian Station, Taipei Bridge Station, Xiaobitan Station MRT joint residential development, the first and second area of Xinglong public housing in Wenshan District, Jiankang public housing in Songshan District, in Qingnian public housing in Wanhua District, Dongming public housing in Nangang District, there are nine locations totally.
This study has the following findings :the first step of public housing in Taipei City is the development of MRT in the metropolitan area where traffic and life functions well. Taipei MRT joint development of residential, which location is in the metropolitan area. The transport facilities in those locations are convenient, and the life function is good. Rent setting strategy for Public Housing Policy in Taipei in order to manage the behavior of the renters, is an ideal way to reduce the NIMBY effect. But the rent is too high, people who need the house can not afford, so the policy is ineffective. Another finding is the location strategy of public housing in Taipei City Government, Such as Xinglong public housing in Wenshan District and Dongming public housing in Nangang District are the reconstruction of national public housing and Low-Cost housing. This site selection strategy can quickly select the site, and reduce the community residents rebound. The second location strategy is the discovery of traffic planning arrangements, in order to avoid the high cost of land prices lead to high rents, the Taipei city government choose to build public housing in the absence of the location of the MRT, and then improve the local traffic arrangements. The third finding is the location of public housing in Taipei City, in addition to the Daan and Zhongzheng District area, other administrative districts have public housing settings. This site selection strategy has the advantage of allowing residents to live close to the school, work place. It can reduce the cost of commuting. From the perspective of urban governance to observe, it will help boost urban productivity. The fourth finding is that the public housing community′s life function is good, which can meet the standard of living needs. It is convenient if you need medical treatment, education, child care and shopping in public housing communities.And the location of the current site are in line with the official site selection indicators .