;The Study of Hakka Jokes in Northern Taiwan
A joke is common folk, spoken language of literature. It is an essential element that people add spice to their daily life. A joke can ease the pressure of Hakka farm house during busy farming period. It can also be a great release of tension between interpersonal conflicts. Although jokes are insignificant elements, they contain a variety of ethnic tales. The purpose of the study aimed to discuss the text of Hakka jokes.
The study is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is the introduction, which explains the motivation, purpose and method of the study. It points out the scope and limitation of Hakka jokes in the northern Taiwan. It also reviews and analyzes the previous literature about Hakka jokes. Chapter two contains the rhetorical classification of Hakka jokes, analysis of content, and analysis of the original of Hakka jokes. Some of them are from ancient books; some of them are generated naturally in the local language. The third chapter uses the concept of cognitive linguistics to explore the common folk customs and implied taboos reflected in the joke text. The fourth chapter analyzes the relationship of gender roles between Hakka characters reflected in the joke text, in the aspect of the symbol of power, the production, the distribution of labor, the right to education, and the relationship between family and marriage. It reflects and relocates the interaction of both genders. The fifth chapter discusses the relationship between Hakka joke and Hakka teaching and inheritance, psychology, physiology, interpersonal relationship, the meaning in education, and the value of Hakka joke. Chapter six is for the conclusions and suggestions.
Key words: Jokes, Hakka jokes, cognitive linguistics, folklore, gender relations