|題名: ||臺灣日據時期一旦色與藝之研究––以「風月報系」文人書寫為例;Research on the Appearance, Deportment, and Skills of Taiwanese Geisha during the Japanese Colonial Era —A Case Study on the Literati Writing at Hong-Gua̍ t|
|作者: ||詹金娘;CHAN, CHIN-NIANG|
|關鍵詞: ||日據時期;色與藝;藝旦;風月;文人品評;臺灣;Japanese Colonial Era;Deportment, and Skills;Geisha,;Hong-Gua̍ t;literati Appearance;Taiwan|
|上傳時間: ||2017-10-27 12:54:25 (UTC+8)|
臺灣因移民文化之使然，「藝旦」在臺灣是非常特殊的角色。其原為飛觴醉月、酒歌爭逐 的風月場所中為客人彈琴侑觴之女子，承襲中國青樓歌妓文化。藝旦除了必備姣好的面貌外， 清婉的歌喉、婀娜多姿身材、唱曲、彈琴，賣藝謀生技術的養成，亦是必備的基本條件。本論 文旨在發掘臺灣日據時期，現代都市興起後，報刊與大眾傳播機制介入下，藝旦形象的質變， 尋繹象徵風雅典贍的藝旦，在新舊時代交替轉型之際，藝旦色藝形象塑造與文人書寫敘事模式。以通俗刊物「風月報系」為觀察重點，聚焦在 1935-1945 年間，藝旦存在現象的複雜面貌。窺探作家編輯群觀看藝旦色藝群像文化視域，並與其他小說文本並列比較，從而顯豁「風月報系」文人書寫有關色藝蘊涵的意義，建構藝旦書寫與品藝專欄文章，在不同時代中迎合文士風雅移轉的審美觀。進而深入剖析在文人書寫中，藝旦真實人生現象與文學 虛構圖像的交錯互映；延展至文人對藝旦的心理寄託與編輯文人之矛盾，及其所擁有媒體傳播 訊息圈，在花榜名星效應催化下，對藝旦「色與藝」形象影響的質變，提出另一種詮釋空間， 並進一步探索臺灣藝旦藝術史的研究向度。
;Research on the Appearance, Deportment, and Skills of Taiwanese Geisha during the Japanese Colonial Era
—A Case Study on the Literati Writing at Hong-Gua̍ t
From ancient times to now, when audiences enjoy performing arts, a certain level of aesthetic standard has always existed, meaning that audiences not only pay attention to the skills of the performers, but also their appearance. Especially for women, appearance has always been a major indicator in evaluating the pros and cons of female performers, which highly relate to their material life, performing opportunities and crossover opportunities. People tend to use appearance, deportment and skills to evaluate female performers.
Originally, a “geisha” was a female entertainer who played musical instruments to console the hearts of the customers visiting drinking and singing clubs, unlike sing-song girls at Chinese brothels. Besides having nice-looking faces, other basic requirements of a geisha include having great singing voices, graceful and charming appearances, and being trained with skills such as singing and playing music instruments. This research attempts to explore the essential transformation regarding the images of geisha after the emergence of modernized cities and under the involvement of newspapers, magazines and other mass media during the Japanese Colonial Era of Taiwan. This research further attempts to explore how the image-building regarding the appearance, deportment, and skills of geisha, originally the symbol of elegance, has gradually changed through the depiction of literati writings during the Japanese Colonial Era, an era of transition.
The research of this thesis utilizes the popular magazine Hong-Gua̍ t as the means to observe the abundant meanings of geisha and the complex perspectives of their existence between 1935 and 1944. Through understanding how the writers and editors see the cultures of the appearance, deportment, and skills of geisha as a whole, this research further attempts to analyze the differences and similarities regarding the actual lives of geisha and their fictional images in literary writings as well as how the readers responded to their depictions. This analysis further extends to explore the spiritual sustenance of literati on geisha and the ambivalence of the editors on how the circle of media and communication they possess essentially transformed the “appearance, deportment, and skills” images of geisha under the catalysis of the celebrity effect. All in all, this research attempts to bring about another interpretation in order to further explore the possible research dimensions on the artistic history of Taiwanese geisha.
Keywords: Japanese Colonial Era, Geisha, literati, Hong-Gua̍ t, Appearance, Deportment, and Skills