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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/7397

    Title: 混合物種與低溫冷凍原子團簇噴流的發展;Development of Multi-species cluster jet and Cryogenically cooled cluster jet
    Authors: 林政宇;Cheng-Yu Lin
    Contributors: 物理研究所
    Keywords: 強場物理;粒徑量測;原子團簇;High-field physics;Particle size measurement;Cluster
    Date: 2006-12-22
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:57:14 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 在近十多年來,由於高功率雷射技術的迅速發展,使得超短脈衝雷射與原子團簇的交互作用成為一個活躍的研究領域。由於原子團簇同時具有局部密度接近固體以及氣體般的平均密度的特性,過去的研究已顯示出個別的奈米原子團簇能夠有效的吸收雷射能量而形成高游離態的奈米電漿球,可產生KeV的電子和MeV的離子、並放射出強烈的輻射其波長範圍可從EUV到硬X光。由雷射加熱的氘原子團簇產生的高能離子碰撞達成核融合也已被成功的示範出來。 過去許多研究已顯示出強場物理的實驗中,許多重要的參數都與原子團簇的大小有著密切的關係,譬如高階諧波產生中奈米電漿球折射率的演化,以及X-ray 雷射中反向制動輻射加熱(inverse bremsstrahlung heating)以及三體碰撞結合(three body recombination)的效率。為了更了解原子團簇形成的機制,以及為了產生更大的原子團簇和產生以往我們所不能產生的某些物種的原子團簇(氫氣及氘氣),我們發展了低溫冷卻氣流閥的方法,以及量測出緩衝氣體(Buffer gas)對於原子團簇形成的影響。同時藉由量測離噴嘴出口不同高度的原子團簇大小,我們可以知道原子團簇形成的演化過程。這些結果將使得我們能更加廣泛而準確的建立實驗上能夠控制原子團簇大小的參數,同時對我們使用原子團簇作為強場物理實驗的介質提供了一個先期的試驗。 With the rapid progress in high-power laser technology in the past decade, the interaction of ultrashort high-intensity laser pulses with atomic clusters has become an active field of research. As a result of their solid-like local density and gas-like average density, it has been shown that individual nanometer clusters can absorb laser energy efficiently to form highly-charged hot nanoplasmas, eject KeV electrons and MeV ions, and emit strongly from EUV to hard x-ray. Furthermore, nuclear fusion has also been demonstrated by collisions of high-energy ions produced from laser-heated deuterium clusters. In the past many high field science researches have revealed that many important issues, such as the evolution of refractive index in high harmonic generation and the efficiency of inverse bremstrahlung heating and three body recombination in x-ray laser, are strongly dependent on cluster size. The development of cryogenically cooled cluster jet system and the investigation of cluster formation with buffer gas are used to (1) get deeper insight into the mechanisms of cluster formation, (2) produce larger clusters, and (3) attain cluster formation of hydrogen or deuterium which cannot form clusters under room temperature. Moreover, by measuring the variation of cluster size with the distance perpendicular to nozzle exit we can investigate the evolution of cluster formation. With these methods we can establish the parameters more extensively and precisely for controlling cluster size, and these provide a preliminary study for utilizing cluster as medium in high field science research.
    Appears in Collections:[物理研究所] 博碩士論文

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