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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/74000


    Title: 對生物膜具活性的胜肽誘導相分離脂質膜產生結構上擾動;STRUCTURAL DISRUPTION ON THE PHASE-SEPARATED LIPID MEMBRANES BY MEMBRANE-ACTIVE PEPTIDES
    Authors: 許文瑋;Hsu, Wen-Wei
    Contributors: 化學工程與材料工程學系
    Keywords: 具膜活性胜肽;澱粉肽;蜂毒肽;相分離脂質膜;螢光洩漏;分子單層槽;membrane-active peptide;amyloid beta;melittin;phase-separated membrane;fluorescence leakage;Langmuir trough
    Date: 2017-08-04
    Issue Date: 2017-10-27 12:58:13 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 在特定的生物條件下,生物膜表面會因相分離現象的產生而形成不同的結構區域。此結構區塊的產生大大地左右生物膜的物理性質,進而影響具有膜活性的胜肽與生物膜之間的互相作用。最近的研究指出,相分離的現象對具膜活性的胜肽之吸附或插入於生物膜的現象影響甚鉅。然而,此現象背後的作用機制卻依然未知。為了釐清這未知的機制,我們使用表面壓力測量、X射線繞射技術和螢光滲透測定等技術,研究相分離如何調節脂質膜的物理性質以及調控蜂毒肽和澱粉樣蛋白(Aβ)的膜穿孔能力;近期的研究發現,澱粉樣蛋白(Aβ)的膜活性,特別是澱粉樣蛋白(Aβ)的膜穿孔能力,可能與阿茲海默症的發病機制高度相關。我們的研究結果發現,蜂毒肽的膜穿孔能力高度取決於脂質膜的相分離狀態,其中液態無序相的存在為蜂毒肽膜穿孔的必要條件。令我們驚訝的是,無論脂質膜的相態為何,任何聚集狀態下的澱粉樣蛋白(Aβ)都無法於脂質膜上形成孔洞或在其結構上造成明顯的破壞。基於此一觀察,我們探討了脂質膜之物理性質(如:脂質分子排列的緊密度)對於具膜活性胜肽與生物膜之間交互作用的影響,並且討論其生物上的相關性。
    ;Membrane phase separation is a phenomenon wherein the lipid constituents of a membrane segregate discriminately to form distinct in-plane domains (or phases) upon certain biologically relevant conditions and greatly dictates the physical properties of a membrane, which govern the interactions between biomembranes and the membrane-active peptides. Recent studies have reported how the phase separation could affect the binding and insertion of membrane-active peptides to membranes. Nevertheless, the general mechanisms underlying the correlations remain elusive. To contribute to the exploration of the general mechanisms, we employ the surface pressure measurements, X-ray scattering techniques, and fluorescent leakage assays to investigate how the phase separation and associated phase behavior modulate the physical properties of a lipid membrane and how the modulations in turn affect the membrane perforation capability of two membrane-active peptides, melittin and amyloid beta (Aβ); the membrane-active aspects, particularly the membrane perforation capability, of Aβ have drawn extensive scrutiny very recently, due to their potential involvement in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. It is found that while the membrane perforation capability of melittin was highly dependent on the phase condition of a membrane, with the presence of the liquid-disordered phase being essential and the emergence of phase boundaries being positively influential, to our surprise, no pore formation or other structural disruptions on membranes could be ascribed to Aβ of any aggregation state, regardless of the phase condition of a membrane. The physical principles underlying the observations are explored in the context of the molecular packing densities of a membrane, and the biological implications are also discussed
    Appears in Collections:[化學工程與材料工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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