English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 68069/68069 (100%)
Visitors : 23156291      Online Users : 170
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/74401

    Contributors: 國際永續發展碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 城市非正式;巴黎協議;貧民窟;環境政策;氣候變化;Urban Informality;Paris Agreement;COP21;Slums;Environmental Policy;Climate Change
    Date: 2017-07-26
    Issue Date: 2017-10-27 13:51:43 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 2015年史無前例的國際合作,促成了永續發展目標和巴黎氣候協定 (COP21) 的簽署採用,這些新興協議將會影響各國的施政方針,導向更加永續發展的未來。本論文連結了巴黎協議以及城市非正式性。城市非正規貧困社區(貧民窟)經常被排除在全球協議的衍生政策之外;而此次協議中,首次看見各國發布各自的國家自定預期貢獻(INDCs),以限制溫室氣體排放量、對抗氣候變遷。與此協議相關之文獻主要可區分為兩個面向:其一,許多研究以量化INDCs的總和來衡量此協議的整體有效性;其二,有些研究關注於分析可能的潛在策略,來幫助各國或各地區(多數為已開發區域)達成其宣言。這樣的面向形成了明顯的差距,例如:此協議針對開發中國家的衍生政策為何?及城市非正規貧困社區在巴黎協議以及INDCs所能發揮的作用為何?


    ;Unprecedented international cooperation in 2015 resulted in the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement (COP21). These emergent regimes will influence public policies to guide nations towards a more sustainable future. This thesis links the Paris Agreement to Urban Informality. Informal urban poor communities (slums) are often neglected from policies derivatives from global agreements. The agreement saw for the first time all the countries of the world proposing Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to limit greenhouse gasses emissions and combat climate change. The literature on the agreement has followed two main streams; on one side, many studies quantify the sum of the INDCs to determine the overall effectiveness of the agreement. On the other, studies focus on analyzing potential strategies that can help countries or regions (mostly in the developed world) achieve their pledges. Significant gaps have resulted from this. For instance, what will be the policies derivatives of the agreement in developing countries? And, what is the proposed role of informal urban poor communities in the Paris Agreement and INDCs?

    The initial hypothesis of the thesis was that while developing countries are widely considered the most vulnerable to climate change, inside the developing world, the informal urban poor are the most vulnerable and have been left out of policies derivatives from global or national accords. This thesis analyzed, using social sciences methodologies, the INDCs of 28 highly urbanized developing countries and with high prevalence of informal settlements in order to understand the proposed role of slums in post COP21 policies. The analysis uncovered significant flaws such as that the majority of analyzed countries do not have any specific actions or policies for these territories. At the same time, most of the analyzed INDCs are conditional to international financial support and technology transfer, which limits their reliability. In a way, the wounds of the Kyoto Protocol are still present in Paris. The contributions of developing countries will be crucial for the emergent agreement to succeed; this is especially true after the United States (the planet’s second bigger contributor to global warming) publicly left the agreement.

    In this line, considering the importance of developing countries for the success of the agreement and taking into account the needs of climate policies in informal urban poor communities, this thesis proposed an implementation framework for slum upgrading projects that can contribute to developing countries pledge’s with mitigation and adaption strategies, and at the same time help increase the adaptive capacity, resiliency and connectivity of slums. The framework is built upon the structure of the INDCs, as well as on extensive literature review, field research in informal settlements in Manila and Santiago de los Caballeros, and experts interviews.
    This thesis aims at contributing to the current debates and discourses on urban informality by expanding the understanding of the critical role of these urban territories in global scale climate policies.
    Appears in Collections:[國際永續發展在職專班] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat

    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback  - 隱私權政策聲明