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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/75021

    Title: 費希平與臺灣民主運動;Fei, Xi Ping and Taiwan Democratization
    Authors: 郭志暉;Kuo, Chih-Hui
    Contributors: 歷史研究所
    Keywords: 費希平;民主進步黨;臺灣民主運動;國會全面改選;外省;Fei, Xi Ping;KMT;DPP;Taiwan Democratization;Comprehensive Re election of Congress
    Date: 2017-05-19
    Issue Date: 2017-10-27 16:17:14 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 費希平 1917 年生於中國遼寧省錦州市。1938 年參與中日戰爭並加入中國國民黨,與政治淵源甚早。1948 年當選為中華民國行憲後第一屆立法委員,隨後由於國共內戰情勢失利,因而隨著國民黨政府來臺。
    1960 年「雷震案」的爆發,《自由中國》的部分人士遭到當局逮捕,費希平因此憤而向行政院院長陳誠提出質詢,卻遭到國民黨方面停權黨籍,並從此未能再回到國民黨。費希平雖然並未直接參與「中國民主黨」的籌組,但在來臺從政期間從漸漸認清國民黨執政不公,以及反攻大陸之無望,因此在與國民黨疏遠後,也決心走一條與執政當局不同調的道路。
    1970 年代中華民國在外交上遭逢被逐出聯合國、與美斷交,對內則因蔣經國時代的來臨而出現新的政治氣象與氛圍,黨外民主運動更是風起雲湧地展開,因此在 1970 年代末期,費希平開始與黨外人士接觸、交流、合作,並且在1980 年代成為黨外運動的核心要角,主要負責與國民黨溝通,以及和增額立委在立法院向執政當局挑戰。
    1986 年費希平帶領「黨外」突破黨禁,成立「民主進步黨」。1988 年費希平即由於與「民進黨」理念不合,加上「國會全面改選」的浪潮撲向具有東北籍終身職立委身分的他,因此選擇退黨,並於 1990 年退出政壇。;Fei, Xi Ping was born in Jing Zhou city, Liao Ning province, China in 1916. In 1938, he who had a connection with politic very early participated in Sino- Japanese war and became a member of Chungkuo Kuomingtang(KMT). In 1948, he was elected as the first period member of the Legislative Yuan after the constitution of Republic of China and because of failure in Chinese Civil War, he later came to Taiwan with National Government.
    In 1960, the Lei Zhen case broke out, some personages of “Free China” were arrested by the authorities. Due to the case, Fei, Xi Ping angrily put forward questions to Chen Cheng, the premier of Executive Yuan, but he was encountered the suspension of his party membership by KMT and he had never come back to KMT since then. Although Fei, Xi Ping did not directly join the set up of China Democratic Party, he gradually got a clearly understanding of the unfair when KMT was in power during the period he went into politics after coming to Taiwan and the hopeless of counterattack against the mainland. So, after estranging with KMT, he decided to go a different way against the tone of the authorities in power.
    In 1970s, Republic of China swayed in the midst of the raging storm in the diplomatic situation, within the country, there were appearances of new political climate and atmosphere because of the coming of Chiang Ching-kuo′s generation and the Tang-Wai(黨外) democratic movements even spread out like a rising wind and scudding clouds. Therefore, in the late 1970s, Fei, Xi Ping started to contact, interflow and cooperate with the personages Tang-Wai. Furthermore, in 1980s, he became the core and important character of the Tang-Wai democratic movements being mainly responsible for communicating with KMT and challenging the authorities in power in Legislative Yuan with additional legislators.
    In 1986, Fei, Xi Ping led Tang Wai to break through the ban of the party and formed Democracy Prograsive Party(DPP). In 1988, Fei, Xi Ping chose to quit the party and quit politics in 1990 because of his disagreements with the concepts of DPP and the wave of “ comprehensive re-election of Congress” that rushed toward him with his identity of Northeast lifelong legislator.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文

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