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|Title: ||反右派運動之研究;The Research on the Anti-Rightist Campaign|
|Authors: ||劉建新;LIU, CHIEN-HSIN|
|Keywords: ||反右派運動;知識份子;毛澤東;八大;雙百方針;Anti-Rightist Campaign;intellectuals;Mao Zedong;The Eighth National Congress;shuang bai fang zhen|
|Issue Date: ||2017-10-27 16:17:23 (UTC+8)|
1957 年6 月8 日，中共中央發起的反右派運動，倚中共建國後的重大政治運動之一，其牽連人數據官方統計達552,877 人，可見其規模之大。此一運動最初是源自「雙百方針」以及「長期共存、互相監督」的政策提出，讓中國的學術界以及政治界出現過去所沒有的自由風氣。與此同時，中共的腐化風氣已經成為棘手的問題，在中共召開的八大，更是將主觀主義、宗派主義以及官僚主義視為「三害」，中共中央改善黨內風氣的做法就是藉由對黨進行「整風運動」革除黨內的不良風氣，為了使整風運動發揮其效果，中共便期望藉由黨外民主人士的加入，使整風運動的進行得更為徹底，於是就在中共中央的邀請下，黨外民主人士也就加入整風運動的行列。
June 8, 1957. The anti-rightist campaign launched by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is indeed one of China′s major political movements. Its implicated person data official statistics of more than 550,000 people, movement scale. This campaign was originally derived from the " shuang bai fang zhen " (雙百方針)and "long-term coexistence and mutual supervision"(長期共存、互相監督) policy. So that China′s academia and the political community in the past there is no freedom, harmony. At the same time, the CCP corruption has become a difficult problem, The Eighth National Congress(八大) held by the CCP is to regard subjectivism(主觀主義), sectarianism(宗派主義) and bureaucracy (官僚主義) as "three evils". The practice of the CCP Central Committee to improve the inner-party spirit is to take the "rectification campaign" to the party to eliminate the bad atmosphere within the party. In order to make the rectification campaign to play its effect, the CCP would expect to join by the non-party democrats. So that the rectification campaign carried out more thoroughly, so in the invitation of the CCP Central Committee, the people outside the party will join the ranks of the rectification campaign.
The CCP also received various criticisms after the non-party democrats joined the rectification campaign. Mao Zedong(毛澤東) and the Central Committee of the CCP initially allowed these criticisms. However, with the increasing degree of criticism, Mao Zedong then drafted "Things are changing", to remind the democratic parties and democrats and democrats outside the words and deeds. But the democratic parties(民主黨派) and non-party democrats (黨外人士) are still making very stimulating remarks, such as the rumbling corps of the Luo Longji(羅隆基), Huang Xinping(黃心平) turns in power and other discussions. And ultimately to Mao Zedong decided to democratic parties and non-party democrats to fight back, so the anti-rightist campaign so started.
After the Anti-Rightist Campaign launched by the Central Committee of the CCP, the anti-rightist campaign has also led to the marginalization of Chinese intellectuals in political power, in addition to the criteria for the division of rightists and the way of punishment. In addition, Mao Zedong′s "reeducation through labor"(勞動教養) has become the shadow of the rightists and the pain. In the end, Mao Zedong proposed in 1959 the removal of the hatred of the rightists, but even if the hat was removed, these rightists were still hit in the subsequent political movement and did not return to the quiet life because of the removal of the hat.
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文|
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