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|Authors: ||徐曉緯;Hsu, Hsiao-Wei|
|Keywords: ||明清;侯峒曾;侯岐曾;抗清;紫隄;Ming and Qing;Hou Tong Ceng;Hou Qi Ceng;Kang Qing;Zi Ti|
|Issue Date: ||2017-10-27 16:17:47 (UTC+8)|
;In late Ming and early Qing dynasty, scholars had different ways to face and adapt the unstable and turbulent political situation. During that period, the Jia Ding Hou’s Family made the choice of and insisted on the belief of “zhong yi” （loyalty）even if they needed to pay the bitter and deeply distressed sacrifices.
The Jia Ding Hou’s Family passed Imperial examinations of Jin Shi by studying diligently. And this made the Jia Ding Hou’s Family became respected and influential clan from a farming family. The Jia Ding Hou’s Family’s experiences of being politicians and engaging in political and economic activities made them accumulate profound social network, which also made them reduce Jia Ding people’s taxes and be the mouthpiece of them. The Hou’s Family’s voluminous achievements and contributions in Jia Ding area had great influences on Jia Ding people, who appreciated to the Hou’s Family as well.
There were uncountable talented people in the Hou’s Family. Not only being overflown literary talent in the man but also getting delighted talents and extraordinary knowledge in the woman of The Jia Ding Hou’s Family, both of them attached abundant importance on Confucian thoughts. Therefore, the Hou’s Family from the youngest to the oldest insisted on Confucian valuable thoughts of “zhong yi” （loyalty） when the policy of “Tifa Yifu” （shaving pigtails and changing traditional clothes） had been passed to Jiang Nan. The Hou’s sons and younger brothers even commanded Jia Ding people to oppose to Qing dynasty, swore to death and resisted for the Jia Ding noble family in “Jia Ding San Tu” （massacre in Jia Ding）. As a result, the Hou’s Family was going from prosperity to decline and heading to miserable fate of straitened and withered family populations after attending tragic and intensive incidents of opposing to Qing dynasty.
About the Jia Ding Hou’s Family’s historical records and valuations, there were various positive evaluations to past “zhong yi” （loyalty） achievements in Hou’s Family no matter in official and private histories or official modified and private revised local histories. During Ming and Qing revolution period, however, there were stacks of political prohibitions and taboos. What’s more, there were still voluminous reservations about the Hou’s Family historical records. By considering and referencing official and private histories or official modified and private revised local histories, it could demonstrate fairly and objectively historical facts of the Hou’s Family to later generations.
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文|
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