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    題名: 日治時期臺灣都市不動產業之形成與影響-以基隆、台北、高雄為例(1895-1936)
    作者: 鄧宏旭;Teng, Hung-Hsu
    貢獻者: 歷史研究所在職專班
    關鍵詞: 不動產業;不動產市場;都市;住宅;臺灣建物株式會社;臺灣地所建物株式會社
    日期: 2018-03-09
    上傳時間: 2018-04-13 11:30:48 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 不動產是滿足「住」的需求最重要的商品,也是熱門的投資標的。日治時期臺灣已有近代都市化的形成,也產生了都市不動產業。本文以不動產經濟的角度探討日治時期都市不動產業的發展與影響。
    日資在日本統治開始時,便預期港灣開發與總督府所在地發展的潛力,並運用資金的優勢,搶先購買基隆、高雄、臺北「兩港一市」的不動產。基隆、高雄的港灣開發與市區改正,促成了臺灣建物與臺灣地所建物株式會社分別在1908與1910年成立,兩者都以日資為主導,其成立與經營帶有殖民地經濟的特徵。
    臺灣建物與臺灣地所建物是日治時期的兩大都市不動產會社,但在經營上有許多重大差異。臺灣建物株式會社在基隆,臺灣地所建物株式會社在高雄都佔有該都市的黃金地段,因此在土地的經營上各自佔有優勢,而且原因都來自吸收日治初期日資搶購不動產的成果。另外臺灣建物株式會社在經營的積極性較高,靠者拓展土地買賣與不動產金融取得大量利益,但後者在1931年起的不景氣中,帶給該會社經營的嚴重打擊。
    都市不動產業的大規模土地開發,對臺灣都市發展有深遠的影響,也促進了都市不動產市場的形成。日資在日治初期搶購不動產的熱潮,加上來臺日人的居住需求,使得不動產市場有初步的面貌,但土地調查的業主權查定、不動產登記制度的實施,與都市人口的增加也是形成不動產市場的重要因素。由臺北市的地價與房租在日治時期的變化,便可了解市場的景氣與行情。都市不動產市場也帶來許多社會問題,例如住宅不足的「住宅難」現象、房東與房客的衝突,與產生的社會運動,而且許多也與不動產業相關。
    ;Real estate meets the needs of livingand also is apopular investment target. During the Japanese-occupied period, modern urbanization had been formed in Taiwan, and urban real estate industry had also emerged. This studyexplores the development and effects of urban real estate industry in Japanese-occupied period by the perspectives of real estate economics.
    Japanese businesses anticipated the potential of harbor and locality development of Taiwan Sotokufu in early Japanese-occupied period and preempted the real estate in Keelung, Kaohsiung, and Taipei; namely, "two ports and one city", by capital advantages.The development and urban renovation of Keelung and Kaohsiung harbor contributed to Taiwan Building Cooperation and Taiwan Land and Building Cooperation, which were established in 1908 and 1910 accordingly. Above mentionedwere dominated by Japanese businesses, and their establishments and management were characterized by colonial economies.
    Taiwan Building Cooperation and Taiwan Land and Building Cooperationwere two dominant parties in Japanese-occupied period but vary in many aspects. They both snapped up the real estates in early Japanese-occupied period and had advantages in its land management. Taiwan Building Cooperation situated in a prime location in Keelung while Taiwan Land and Building Cooperation shined in Kaohsiung. In particular,Taiwan Building Cooperation benefited greatly from the expansion of land sales and real estate finance because of its high motivated operation. Taiwan Land and Building Cooperation; however, suffered from a severe economic downturn in 1931.
    Large-scale land development in the urban real estate industry had a profound impact on the urban development in Taiwan and also promoted the formation of the urban real estate market. Not only the quick estate snapped up by Japanese businesses, increasing demand for residential accommodation in Taiwan by Japanese organized a rough outline of preliminary estate market, but also the investigation of ownership of the land survey, the implementation of the estate registration system and the urban population growthwere also important factors scheming the real estate market.As could be seen from the variation of land prices and rentals in Japanese-occupied period in Taipei, prosperity and outlook of the estate market were observable; yet estate market still accompanied by a lot of social issues such as "residential dilemma", meaning poor amount of residence, conflicts between landlordsand tenants and social movements. Those of which were related to real estate industry.
    顯示於類別:[歷史研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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