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|Authors: ||呂美娟;Lu, Mei-Chuan|
|Keywords: ||社會情緒選擇理論;資源保存理論;未來時間觀;人力資源管理措施;追求機會動機;工作投入;socioemotional selectivity theory;conservation of resources theory;future time perspective;focus on opportunities;HR practices;employee engagement|
|Issue Date: ||2018-08-31 11:09:38 (UTC+8)|
為了探尋員工認知適當的中高齡員工管理措施管理方案的影響，本研究奠基在社會情緒選擇理論及資源保存理論的觀點，從個體認知未來時間觀對追求機會動機的影響，進而對員工工作投入產生的間接效果；因此本研究以中介與調節模型探討未來時間觀與中高齡工作投入之關聯。從回歸分析結果顯示，第一、未來時間觀與工作投入呈現正向關係，且認知追求機會動機在未來時間觀與工作投入之影響具有中介效果。第二、適用中高齡員工人力資源管理措施在未來時間觀與認知追求機會動機之間具有調節效果。當員工知覺針對適用中高齡員工之人力資源管理措施方案愈強時，其未來時間觀與追求機會動機之間的正向關係將會被削弱。第三、知覺中高齡員工人力資源之管理措施會調節未來時間觀，並透過對認知追求機會動機影響工作投入的間接效果。當中高齡員工高度知覺組織實施適合中高齡人力資源之管理措施方案時，他們的未來時間觀會透過認知追究機會動機而影響工作投入所產生的正向的關係的幅度比較弱。最後，希望透過本研究所提出的管理意涵與未來研究建議，能有助於組織在人力資源潛能開發到最大，達到整體最大效益。;The global trend in societies towards population structures comprised of a low fertility rate and an overall aging society has accelerated, with the increased aging speed in Taiwan also becoming an issue. Given that it is helpful to a society in improving human capital and in retaining the valuable experience of intelligent employees, thereby improving the overall output and functionality of a nation, the impact of the aging of the population on developed countries industries and other aspects of social life will be significant. Because of these changes, the human resource management of the elderly is set to become one of the most important management topics in the organization of a countries affairs in the future
In order to explore the impact HR practices on the employees′ cognition, this research has been based on socioemotional selectivity theory and conservation of resources theory. The research presented is from the perspective of individual cognition of the future time perspective, and its influence as a focus on opportunities, and how this indirectly effects on the employee engagement. Therefore, this research used a future time perspective as an independent variable, coupled with the perception of the focus on opportunities, to create a moderation mediated model to better understand middle aged employee engagement. The results of this regression analysis show that the future time perspective has a positive relationship with the employee engagement, and the perception of focus on opportunities has a mediating effect on the influence of the future time perspective and the employee engagement. Moreover, the research also indicates that the application of HR practices for middle-aged and elderly employees will have a moderating effect between the future time perspective and the conception of focus on opportunities. Consequently, the positive relationship between the future time perspective and the focus on opportunities will be weakened when the employee perception of HR practices is stronger. Alongside this, the conceptions of HR practices of senior employees will adjust the future time perspective, as well as the indirect effect on the employee engagement through the focus on opportunities. When aging employees are highly aware of management’s measures that are suitable for middle age human resources, their future time perspective will be weaker through the focus on opportunities and the positive relationship that affects the employee engagement. Lastly, it is hoped that through management implications and future research proposals proposed in this study, organizations will be better served to maximize the greatest possible outcomes of human resource potential and achieve maximum overall benefits.
|Appears in Collections:||[人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文|
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