本研究主要探討勞動者年齡與持續工作動機、工作成長動機與追求機會動機三者間之關聯性。研究方法係以「生理(實足)年齡」為「自變項」，三項不同的工作動機為「依變項」進行研究。由迴歸分析結果發現：年齡與持續工作動機呈現顯著正向關係。因此取得莊瑋亨(2015) 資料再進行迴歸分析，並蒐集分析質性訪談所得資訊，均再次顯現與本研究相同之結論：「年齡越大，持續工作動機越強」。 此一研究結論與西方學者之研究相反，也不符合社會情緒選擇理論，亦即年齡與未來時間觀、持續工作動機之間負向相關的看法。
;A study of the relationship between middle-aged and aged workers and work-related motivation
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between middle-aged and aged workers and work-related motivation, since middle-aged and aged workers have already become one of the major workforces of enterprises, and governments also encourage middle-aged and aged workers to continue working and change the policy to extend the retirement age schedule. Studies by Western scholars have found that middle-aged and aged workers are less motivated in working continuously because of their age. Consequently, work value is shifted from “instrumental values” to “terminal values”; “acquisition of knowledge goals” is transformed into “regulation of emotions goals”. However, the results of Chuang (2015), indicate that there was a positive relationship between middle-aged and aged workers and continuing work motivation in Taiwan, highlighting the conclusion that was contrary to western research results.
Therefore, I plan to extend the results of Chuang (2015) and that can give further understanding of the working motivation of middle-aged and aged workers, in order to provide the effective measurement of human resources management, as well as build the foundation for future research toward middle-aged and aged workers.
The study mainly discusses the relationship among continue to work, work growth and focus on opportunities., using physiological (practical) age to serve as independent, and three different motivations serving as dependent variables. The results of regression analysis show that there is a significant positive relationship between age and continue to work. Furthermore, we obtained the same findings as this thesis by analyzing the previous data of Chuang (2015), together with the present information from qualitative interviews: “The older you are, the more you want to continue to work.” Again, this result runs contrary to the study of western research, and is inconsistent with the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory: a negative relationship between age, future time perspective and continue to work.
The conclusions of this study are not only practically and valuable information for enterprises but also are academically important for further research.
Keywords: Middle-aged and aged workers, Continue to work, Work growth, Focus on Opportunities