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|Title: ||建築工程施工勘驗委託第三公正單位辦理可行性研究 -以新北市為例;The Feasibility Study of Outsourcing Trusted Third Party for Architectural Construction Site Inspection in New Taipei City|
|Authors: ||謝東勳;Hsieh, Tung-Hsun|
|Keywords: ||勘驗;委託;第三公正單位;Inspection;Commission;Trusted Third Party|
|Issue Date: ||2018-08-31 11:24:38 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||臺灣地處歐亞板塊交界，本島即有多達33 條以上的斷層，其中多數係屬活動中斷層，屬地震極為頻繁地區，地震的發生往往對於建築物結構安全造成不可回復的損壞，嚴重威脅國民居住的安全，如何提昇建築物耐震能力，除了從結構設計著手外，建築物施工品質的提昇也是很重要的一環，對於如何提高施工品質更是政府機關刻不容緩且急需面對的課題，新北市幅員遼闊，面積廣達2,503 平方公里，人口更已逼近400 萬人之多，建築案件不論數量及規模更是長年位居五都之冠，建築法第56 條雖明訂有關建築工程施工勘驗申報主管機關得隨時勘驗的機制，惟建築主管機關長期囿於行政資源及人力素質的不足，始終無法有足夠的人力對於建築物施工勘驗作徹底及確實的檢查，現有機制似乎已無法確實保障建築物的施工品質，社會上漸漸有種聲音，要求建築物的施工品質監督，應考慮借重第三公正單位之專業與資源，由各專業公會選派具有專業能力、有能力負責、且願意負責的專業從業人員進行查核，並簽證負責，以確保建築物施工品質，本次研究藉由蒐集我國及同處地震頻繁地區的鄰國日本現有建築法令規章及勘驗制度加以分析、探討，並以新北市政府工務局辦理施工中建築工程勘驗流程，以及核發建築執照委託新北市建築師公會協助審查機制與經驗，輔以問卷調查方式蒐集相關專業從業人員對於目前施工勘驗流程辦理現況及勘驗委外辦理之專業意見及看法，研議建築勘驗委託第三公正單位辦理之可行性與具體可行的方法，在不影響行政效率的前提下，達到提昇施工品質與保障民眾居住安全的三贏局面。;Taiwan is located at the boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and the Eurasian Plate.With more than 33 active faults in the main island, Taiwan is an earthquake prone region. Earthquakes often cause irreversible damage to the structures and pose serious threats to the public. Asides from the structural design to improve the earthquake resistance level of the buildings, the construction quality is also an important part. It is an urgent and essential issue to improve the construction quality of buildings for the government. New Taipei City has an estimated population of 4 million within 2,503 square kilometers. Its number and the scale of architectural projects is the top of the five major cities in Taiwan for years. |
Article 56 of the Construction Law clearly stated that for the parts of construction works that require inspection, the municipal or county (city) competent authority of construction shall, upon approval of the construction plan, designate the constructor together with the supervisor to submit reports in time before to continue construction, and the competent authority of construction may carry out inspection at any time. The mechanism for inspections do exist, however, the authority does not have enough administrative and adequate human resources to conduct thorough architectural construction inspections. The existing mechanism seems to be insufficient to ensure the construction quality of buildings. Gradually, the ideas of commissioning trusted third party by the authority to ensure the construction quality are generated. The means of the commissioning may be carried out by requesting professional associations to appoint experts who are competent, capable, and willing to take responsibility for the inspections with professional signing and sealing.
The feasibility study is conducted through collecting and analyzing data including the existing building regulations and inspecting systems in Taiwan and Japan, the construction works inspection process of the construction works of the New Taipei City Government Works Bureau, and the mechanism and experiences of commissioning the New Taipei City Architects Association in issuing building licenses. Supplemented by questionnaires, the study includes the comments and opinions of the current inspection process and outsourcing inspections from relevant professional practitioners.
With above mentioned analysis and discussions, the feasibility study of outsourcing trusted third party for architectural construction site inspection in New Taipei City is conducted. The goal of this study is to achieve a win-win situation by improving construction quality of buildings and ensuring the safety of the buildings for the public without jeopardizing the administrative efficiency.
|Appears in Collections:||[土木工程學系碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文|
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