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    题名: 以微電鍍法製備三維銅錫介金屬化合物微結構;Preparation of Three-dimensional Micro Structure of Cu-Sn Intermetallic Compound by Micro-electroplating
    作者: 劉謹綸;Liu, Jin-Lun
    贡献者: 材料科學與工程研究所
    关键词: 微陽極導引電鍍;銅錫微柱;銅錫微螺旋;奈米壓痕;Micro-anode guided electroplating;Copper-Tin micro-column;Copper-Tin micro-helix;Nano indentation
    日期: 2018-08-24
    上传时间: 2018-08-31 13:12:44 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 本研究以微陽極導引電鍍法來製作銅錫介金屬化合物三維微結構物。電鍍系統採用線徑125 μm之白金線作為陽極,以線徑為0.643 mm之銅導線作為陰極,於含硫酸銅、硫酸亞錫、檸檬酸鈉與抗壞血酸之鍍浴中進行電鍍,希望製作出含銅、錫兩金屬元素之微柱與微螺旋。研究目標,首先探討鍍浴中添加抗壞血酸對陰極微柱析鍍物表面形貌、化學組成、晶體結構以及還原電位之影響,進而尋求製作最佳之含銅、錫二元金屬微柱之電鍍條件,隨後以此條件出發,探討製作微型螺旋之可行性,並研究微螺旋析鍍角度與製程參數對微型螺旋尺寸與線徑均勻度之影響。
    結果顯示: 添加抗壞血酸至鍍浴後進行電鍍,可以達到改善析鍍微柱表面形貌之效果,促進其由顆粒分明之瘤狀外觀轉變為平坦光滑之表面。當兩極間之偏壓設定在3.50 V、兩極之間距控制在140 μm,電鍍所得之含銅、錫二元金屬微柱,其表面形貌最佳,且微柱之橫截面十分緻密,經分析其化學組成為含銅、錫(Cu: 65.9 ± 3.1 at. % 與Sn: 34.1 ± 3.1 at. %) 二元金屬之微柱,晶體結構分析顯示含Cu6Sn5相、Cu相二相。以奈米壓痕儀測量其機械性質,估計出其硬度為1.51 ± 0.10 GPa,簡化模數為73.31 ± 5.57 GPa;以電化學分析量測其抗蝕性能,測得腐蝕電流(Icorr)為0.04×10-2 mA/cm2,線性極化阻抗(RLP)為2877 ohm。
    微型螺旋析鍍結果顯示: 微螺旋之第一圈線徑與第二圈線徑之電場強度變化量(△Ed12)越大且析鍍時間越短,析鍍出來之微螺旋線徑越均勻,析鍍角度15 °、製程參數2為含銅、錫二元金屬微螺旋之最佳析鍍參數,微螺旋線徑最為均勻,其d2/d1線徑比值為107 %,d3/d1線徑比值為127 %。
    ;In this study, micro-anode guided electroplating was used to manufacture three dimensional micro-structures of Cu-Sn intermetallic compound. The electroplating system uses a platinum wire with a wire diameter of 125 μm as an anode, and a copper wire with a diameter of 0.643 mm as a cathode, which is electroplated in an electroplating bath containing copper sulfate, stannous sulfate, sodium citrate and ascorbic acid to manufacture three dimensional micro-structure with two metal elements of copper and tin. The goal of this research is to firstly investigate the effect of adding ascorbic acid on the surface morphology, chemical composition, crystal structure and reduction potential of the micro-column in the plating bath, and then seek to find the best electroplating conditions of electroplating micro-columns with two metal elements of copper and tin. Then using these conditions to research the feasibility of making micro-helix, and studying the influence of micro-helix electroplating angle and process parameters on micro-helix size and the variation of wire diameter.
    The results showed that after adding ascorbic acid to the electroplating bath not only improved the surface morphology of the micro-column, but also promotes the transformation from a grain-like appearance to a flat and smooth surface. When the bias is set at 3.50 V and the gap is controlled at 140 μm, the copper and tin binary metal micro-column obtained by electroplating have the best surface morphology. After analyzing, its chemical composition is Cu: 65.9 ± 3.1 at.% and Sn: 34.1 ± 3.1 at.%. The crystal structure analysis shows that the crystal structure is Cu6Sn5, Cu coexisting. The mechanical properties of the micro-column were measured by a nanoindenter. The hardness was estimated to be 1.51 ± 0.10 GPa and the reduced modulus was 73.31 ± 5.57 Gpa. The corrosion resistance was measured by electrochemical measurement. The corrosion current (Icorr) was 0.04×10-2 mA/cm2, linear polarization resistance (RLP) is 2877 ohm.
    The results of electroplating micro-helix showed that the larger the changed in electric field strength (△Ed12) between the first coil diameter of the micro-helix and the second coil diameter is, the shorter the electrochemical deposition time is; and the more uniform the micro-helix diameter is, the result shows : electrochemical deposition angle 15 ° and process parameter 2 is the best electroplatimg parameter of copper-tin intermetallic compound helix because the diameter of helix wire d1、d2、d3 are the most close, the d2 / d1 ratio is 107 %, the d3 / d1 ratio is 127 %.
    显示于类别:[材料科學與工程研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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