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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77075


    題名: 地方政府推動參與式預算方案執行之研究:官僚回應性的觀點;A Study on Proposal Implementation of Participatory Budgeting in Local Government:A Perspective of Bureaucratic Responsiveness
    作者: 曾莉婷;Tseng, Li-Ting
    貢獻者: 法律與政府研究所
    關鍵詞: 公民參與;參與式預算;官僚回應性;Citizen participation;Participatory budgeting;Bureaucratic responsiveness
    日期: 2018-07-30
    上傳時間: 2018-08-31 13:54:40 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 參與式預算是近年來被大力推動的公民參與之形式,藉由參與式預算的推動,鼓勵公民直接參與,透過賦予人們對於決策過程發聲的權力,不僅能提升人們對於公共事務的關心,也能強化政府和公民間的關係,以及更有效率的預算編列與執行等。在參與式預算的推動過程中,需要具有了解行政機關運作方式的公務人員來做為引導,而公務人員就需要在這當中扮演重要的角色,讓人民能夠自主提案,因此行政機關與公務人員在推動參與式預算過程中被視為重要的一環。
    本研究探討目的在現今行政部門中具有實質裁量權限的文官體制如何調整既存的結構與程序,讓公務人員提升推動公民參與決定的能力與意願,並願意推動具備直接民主精神的參與式預算,而行政機關與公務人員的態度是否促成或限制參與式預算的推動。
    本研究從桃園市各局處推動的參與式預算來看,針對官僚組織回應公民的行為進行研究,以負責規劃的政務人員與實際執行推動的事務人員及提案參與者三個層面,作為深度訪談對象,經分析後呈現五點研究發現:
    一、地方首長的意志與承諾是推動參與式預算的主因。
    二、公務人員順服上級指派執行參與式預算。
    三、公務人員對參與式預算的認知與觀感會影響參與式預算之推動。
    四、公務人員對推動參與式預算會有積極性與消極性回應。
    五、提案參與者認為行政機關與公務人員的熱情是推動參與式預算成功的要素。
    最後,根據研究結果,本研究分別針對政務人員、事務人員及提案參與者提出建議,供後續參與式預算推動之參考。
    ;Participatory budgeting is a form of citizen participation that has been strongly promoted in recent years. With the help of participatory budgeting, direct democracy can be specifically acted upon, encouraging citizens to participate directly, and empowering people by giving people the power to make decisions about the decision-making process. Concerns about public affairs, and strengthen the relationship between the government and the people, as well as more efficient budgeting and implementation. In the process of promoting participatory budgeting, it is necessary to have public servants who understand the way of the administrative agencies operate, so that the people can make their own proposals. Therefore, the administrative organization and public servants are seen as an important part of the process of promoting participatory budgeting.
    This study explores how the civil service system with substantive discretion in the current administration can adjust existing structures and procedures, increase public servants′ ability and willingness to promote citizen participation in decisions, and be willing to promote participatory budgets with a direct democratic spirit. Whether the administrative attitudes contributes to or limits the promotion of participatory budgeting.
    This study is based on the participatory budgeting promoted by the various bureaus in Taoyuan City Government, and studies the behavior of bureaucratic organizations in response to citizens, and is responsible for the three aspects of the planning of the political officials and the actual promoted street-level bureaucracy and the project participants. Through the analysis, five findings are as follows:
    1.The attitude of local leaders are the main reason for promoting participatory budgeting.
    2.Public servants obey the superiors to assign the participatory budget.
    3.The perception and perception of public servants on participatory budgets will affect the promotion of participatory budgeting.
    4.Public servants have a positive and negative response to the promotion of participatory budgeting.
    5.Participants in the proposal believe that the enthusiasm of the executive and civil servants is an important factor in promoting the success of the participatory budget.
    Finally, based on the results of the study, the study provides recommendations for political officials, street-level bureaucracy, and project participants for reference in the follow-up participatory budget.
    顯示於類別:[法律與政府研究所] 博碩士論文

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