;In 1977, Kuomintang(KMT) encountered the biggest frustration at the "Five-in-one Public Service Election" after moving to Taiwan that four non-party candidates were elected as the county mayor, including Taoyuan County, in the meantime, "Chungli Incident" erupted. The Chungli Incident is important political event for the process of Taiwan′s democratization, occurred in Hakka town where half of population is Hakkanese, therefore, there were numerous Hakkanese to be involved. In the past, the majority of people think that most of social movements are led by the Hoklo Taiwanese, in the current of history, Hakka are generally ignored, neglected and misunderstood even are labeled as a group those who are conventional, cowardly and flinches. So far, the discussions about the Chungli Incident in the academic field are limited to the impact merely on Taiwan′s democratization, while there haven’t been discussed from the aspect of Hakka yet
As result of, this dissertation through the view of Hakkanese to explores how Hakka plays the role in Chungli Incident and influences political development by using methods of document analysis and depth interview. According to collation and analysis of historical data, firstly, generalize the background and process of Chungli Incident, and then use semi-structured interview to interview related people and local public officials those who have experienced Chungli Incident, supplemented with the election materials to research what does Hakka have the impact on political level
The Chungli Incident changes the Hakka’s image of " peaceful populace " in the Taiwan’ political history and enhances the impartiality and fairness of election as the point of Democratic politics and results in non-party gathering. This tendency also gradually spreads in Taoyuan Hakka area. By the amount of votes for provincial council man and legislator candidates, after Chungli Incident, we can find out the number of non-party candidates is increasing in Taoyuan Hakka area and the amount of votes for non-KMT Hakka candidates is also rising year by year. On the whole, the Chungli Incident not only makes impressive strides in democratization and also causes the Taoyuan Hakka to have direct influences on development of politic.