|摘要: ||摘要 (華語版)|
The thesis is completed in accordance with the National Central University Executive Master Program of Hakka Studies Graduation Requirements. The first section is the statement of questions, and the second section is published Hakka literature “The Breeze in the Zhong Da Lake.”
The thesis has three research topics:
1. Ethnography of conflicts in migration and land domestication in Taoyuan
During the Chin Dynasty, the Han people who had migrated to Taoyuan followed the migration and land domestication route roughly from Dayuan coast to inland tableland, even to Takoham river’s watershed. However, due to the lack of irrigation water in the tableland, conflicts for securing irrigation water were common despite the artificial ponds that were set up. Large scale battles also broke out in the Long Shu Keng area and Li Zi Xi Kan. It was not until Taoyuan Canal was built during the Japanese colonial era and Shihmen Reservoir was built after WWII had the irrigation problems been solved. However, the building of the Shihmen Reservoir resulted in forced relocation of roughly 3,000 residents. The ancestors of these residents spent centuries to move from the coast to the hills, but then the residents were then forced to moved back to the coasts. Therefore, an ethnography was conducted that covered eight coastline relocation villages and ancient irrigation battle grounds, as well as Long Shu Keng roadside worship memorials for those lost in the battles. The ethnography found the link between the two seemingly distinct historical events, highlighting the interconnectedness of history.
2. Presenting the ethnographical findings in the form of Hakka literature:
The findings of the ethnography were presented in 14 literary genres in Hakka language, including novels, youth literature, poetry, folk, prose, non-fiction novel. The chapters are arranged from emotional to rational, from fictitious to factual to contemplate historical scars and social issues.
3. Writing in Hakka to put Mother Tongue Movement to practice:
Hakka is used to write the thesis in its entirety in order to put the 1998 Mother Tongue Movement to practice.
Keywords: Hakka literature, Shihmen Reservoir relocation villages, Long Shu Keng roadside worship memorials, Li Zi Lan River ethnography, conflicts in migration and land domestication in Taoyuan, Four villages roadside memorial for The Emperors of the Three Realms rotation