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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77150

    Title: 體驗論之建構:以北宋五子「環境觀」為詮釋對象;Construction of Experientialism: Using the Environmental Thinkings of Bei Song Wu Zi as an Example
    Authors: 莊元輔;Chuang, Yuan-Fu
    Contributors: 哲學研究所
    Keywords: 體驗論;突現;隱喻;環境;北宋五子;Experientialism;emergence;metaphor;environment;Bei Song wu zi
    Date: 2018-07-24
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 14:14:34 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 論文以環境關懷為主軸出發,探究人願意開始改變而有具體行動的動力來源問題。這樣的動力甚至是犧牲自己的利益都能產生行動的力源,並且建構一套理論合理說明何以可能,而這一理論在此稱為「體驗論」。建構出一套體驗論的方式,其目的是要說明人透過感知經驗之體察,能於特定事件引發身心之道德感知而體現於外,此一感知可視為人的一種潛能,並體驗此感知於實際生活之中,經不斷體驗、自覺後,將形成一種信念,這樣的信念背後隱含著自身最優價值的嚮望。對於自身而言這會是內心底層最重要的價值信念,更關鍵的是,這一價值信念必須是靠自己本身的行動或實踐體驗而來,換句話說,一個人最核心的價值是經由具體的實踐行為中得到印證,並且自己要求自己服從於這一體驗而來之價值信念。這樣的價值是真正能促使人產生行動力,而非只是一種紙上談兵的話語。
    (1) 提出人們何以能夠保護環境的動力來源問題。
    (2) 建構一套「體驗論」的基礎理論。
    (3) 北宋五子的思想系統可成為一種保護環境的生活智慧並有具體實踐性。
    ;This thesis centers on environmental concerns. The source of motivations from which people may be willing to change and take concrete actions is investigated. In particular, motivations from which people sacrifice personal benefits to perform the relevant action were examined. Accordingly, a theory of “experientialism” was constructed to provide a rational explanation of self-sacrificial action. The purpose of constructing an experientialist theory is to explain how people’s physiological and psychological sense of ethics can be triggered by their experiences of certain events, resulting in the outward demonstration of these values. This latent ethical sensibility can be seen as a person’s potential for ethical action. When this potential is stimulated in an individual by repeated experiences and self-awareness, it manifests as an ideal, which represents a fundamental belief and a basis for value judgement. This belief must be acquired through personal action and practical experience. In other words, an individual’s fundamental values are confirmed through concrete practices and behaviors; values must be demonstrated through action. Such demonstrations prove that an individual’s values are not based on empty words.
    Treatment of the environment may be considered as an example. People experience nature through their senses and generate various thoughts about nature from such experiences, leading to value formation. For instance, experiences of beauty, sanctity, or sublimity in nature may generate a belief that nature should be cherished. This belief is then supported by a value system that is not external but rather derives from the relevant individual’s experiences. An individual fully realizes these values by manifesting them through action. Several studies on the Bei Song wu zi have discussed these men’s views on cherishing the environment. The Bei Song wu zi’s active demonstration of these beliefs can be interpreted through experientialism. The metaphysical perspective of ethics is not the only method by which to analyze conventional thoughts and behaviors. For example, “tian,” “li,” “xing,” “xin,” and “cheng” from the thinkings of the Bei Song wu zi are not discussed as concrete concepts in this study. Instead, the perspective of sociopsychology is adopted along with metaphors and the theory of emergence to construct a new theory, that is, experientialism. The objective of the proposed theory is to explain the source of human motivation. In sum, the following three directions are adopted in this thesis:
    (1) A proposal is established regarding the sources of people’s motivations to protect the environment.
    (2) The fundamental theory of experientialism is constructed.
    (3) The Bei Song wu zi’s thinkings are examined, and concrete implementation of this value system is considered for its environmental protection potential.
    This thesis is divided into five chapters. In addition to the Introduction and Conclusion, the three major chapters in the middle cover the foundational structure of experientialism, an interpretation of the environmental views of the Bei Song wu zi, and the construction of experientialism.
    Appears in Collections:[哲學研究所] 博碩士論文

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