;Tian Wenjing- A Prominent Official in Yongzheng’s Reign
Tian Wenjing (1662-1732), Han soldier of the Plain Blue Banner, was the Yongzheng Emperor’s favorite official and an influential “Model Principal Governor” during the revolution. Tian Wenjing, schooled in the Imperial Academy, had served Kangxi Emperor for more than thirty years but only achieved an official of the fourth rank. However, as soon as Yongzheng ascended the throne, Tian Wenjing was quickly promoted. Over a decade, he was appointed as administrative commissioner of Shanxi, administrative commissioner of Henan, governor of Henan, Governor-General of Henan, and Governor-General of Henan Shandong. Tian Wenjing, strict and morally upright, was held in very high regard by Yongzheng, yet at the same time had become a target among government officials due to conflict of interest.
This article first introduces Tian Wenjing’s family background, career history and character. Then, it examines his accomplishments in abolishing corrupt practices, reviving gentry morality, reclaiming wasteland, and surrendering hidden property. Finally, the article discusses his achievements in confiscating meltage fees, nourishing honesty by high pay, water transport of grain, and canal construction. To repay Yongzheng’s kindness, Tian Wenjing made himself an example, devoting his life to serving the reign justly which received complete support from Yongzheng. People often criticize Tian Wenjing’s harshness but unfairly overlook his loyalty, patriotism, diligence, honesty, and frugality.
Keywords：Tian Wenjing , Yongzheng Emperor, Model Principal Governor