;In 1938, the campaign of Taierzhuang is a critical campaign as well as the first victory since Republic of China (ROC) against Japan invasion on the front of battlefield, then the victory not only inspires ROC peoples’ will to against Japan but also the moral. On August 13, 1937, Japanese military conduct provocative action by lame excuses, meanwhile, Chiang Kai-shek intend to start the campaign of Shanghai. On December 13, Japan has been occupied Nanjing then prepare to seize more key terrains in the north of Yangtze River. For military collaboration, Japan regards Xuzhou city as an important military object then assembles a great of armed forces along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway. In order to destroy Chinese main forces, to connect the battlefield from the north to the south, to take Wuhan city down then could finally force ROC to surrender.
The process of Sino-Japan military conflict seems as a confrontation between "protracted warfare" and "quick warfare". For secure Wuhan city, due to the low quality of manpower and equipment, ROC has decided to adopt the strategy of "protracted warfare" and make a plan for lasting to resist Japan; the military main force shift to eastern China from northern China. Close to Taierzhuang, ROC drives Japan to use the troops one by one and fight in disadvantage condition. On the contrary, early "July 7th Incident”, Japan insists on the guideline of not expending policy that could benefit to finish the war by the means of military and diplomacy. In other words, Japan troops under the guideline of “fight and win battles of quick decision” will force ROC troops under terrain disadvantage to engage a large-scale decisive battle then could lead to occupy Wuhan city, military command center.
ROC defend Japanese military forces, 5th and 10th division of Kwantung Army. Both Linyi battle and Teng Zhou battle were seem as the start of the Campaign of Taierzhuang, followed by the second Linyi battle and Taierzhuang urban combat along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway. For ROC, the campaign is not only a military triumph but also a turning point as well as the inspiration of fighting will and winning belief.