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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77921

    題名: 抗日戰爭期間長沙焚城之決策執行與後果;The Burninng of Changsha: A Study of Chiang Kai Sheks’s Scorched Earth Policy during China’s Resistance War against Japan
    作者: 郭家源;Kuo, Chia-Yuan
    貢獻者: 歷史研究所
    關鍵詞: 抗日戰爭;長沙大火;焦土政策;China′s Resistance War against Japan;the burning of Changsha;the Scorched Earth Policy
    日期: 2018-08-24
    上傳時間: 2018-08-31 15:03:06 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 近代中國面臨日本強勢侵略時,以抵抗的姿態來迎對。自七七事變後,蔣介石用持久戰為方針開啟全面抗戰。但是軍隊實力懸殊情況下,前方軍隊節節敗退,戰線迅速往內地進逼。因此撤退時採取「焦土政策」軍事戰略,把無法運送的物資設備、交通道路及建築物進行破壞,避免敵方取得並利用。而蔣介石鑑於武漢撤守破壞成效不佳,決定湖南省長沙在外圍戰事失利時,要將全城焚毀不予資敵,同時命令地方政府需備妥事前計畫。
    ;In modern China, Japan’s massive aggression encountered great resistance. Since the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7, Chiang Kai-shek had been ready for a full-scale and protracted war against Japan. But with constant defeat by Japanese army, Chiang’s army was forced to retreat, and the battle lines were moving inland. To keep wealth from the Japanese, Kuomintang officials made the Scorched Earth Policy, ordering the destruction of equipments, roads and buildings during the retreat. Unsatisfied with the result of destruction in Wuhan, Chiang Kai-shek decided to burn the whole city of Changsha, the provincial capital of Hunan, if it could not stop the advancing Japanese army. Besides, local government was demanded to prepare for the burning plan, making sure that everything would go well.
      On November 11th, 1938, the city of Yueyang fell to the Empire of Japan, and the situation in Changsha became increasingly tense. On November 12th, the chairman of Hunan Province, Zhang Zhizhong, passed Chiang’s idea to his subordinates in a meeting. Xu Quan, director of the Staff Office of the Garrison Headquarters, was order to take command of the plan made by Feng Ti, commander of the Garrison Headquarters, and Xu Quan, director of the Security Office. However, at the dawn of November 13th, when local officials were arranging for the plan, Shetan Street outside the South Gate began to burn, and the fire soon spread to the whole city. Fleeing in panic, thousands of people lost their lives. The burning lasted for five days, which made Changsha one of the most damaged cities during China′s Resistance War against Japan.
      Later in the military tribunal set up by Chiang, those officials supposed to be responsible for the burning were executed. What’s more, troops were sent to Changsha to assist with the aftermath, soothing the masses as well as rebuilding the morale of the country.
    顯示於類別:[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文


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