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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/78016


    Title: 應用手持式拉曼及傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜技術提昇環境稽查效能之研究;A Study on the Application of Handheld Raman and Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy Technology in Improving Environmental Inspection Efficacy
    Authors: 許鴻吉;HSU, HUNG-CHI
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 非法棄置場址;環境稽查;拉曼;傅利葉;快篩
    Date: 2018-07-26
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 15:08:41 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 為了可以有效掌握非法棄置場址現場資訊,降低稽查人員化學危害風險,減少廢棄物樣品採樣數,及降低檢驗成本,本研究嘗試運用手持式拉曼及傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜技術對非法棄置場址及工廠內廢棄物進行初步快篩,以了解其與傳統稽查採樣的差異性,並進行精密度、準確度及經濟效益分析,以充分了解導入該技術協助提升環保稽查效能之可行性。

    經研究試驗分析顯示,對快篩儀器基本功能所進行實驗室溶劑之各項測試後,可了解手持式拉曼及傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜儀個別功能特性及其優缺點,其較佳之快篩順序為「先拉曼後傅利葉」。以此原則快篩4家廢棄物處理廠結果顯示,A、B及C廠因收受之廢棄物成分較為單純,發生干擾情況機率較低,較適合導入本研究之篩測技術。反之D廠收受之廢溶劑成分較複雜且因外觀顏色常為深色,容易造成干擾情形,較不適合使用本研究之篩測技術。2處廢棄物非法棄置場址試驗分析所得結果,在沒有干擾情況下,快篩儀器對於大部分廢棄物樣品的定性有不錯表現,可檢測到樣品的標的成份,且依評估結果確實可以減少採樣樣品數,有效降低後端實驗室分析時間及費用,達成本研究提昇環境稽查效能之目的。
    ;In order to effectively control the on-site information of illegal dumping sites to reduce the chemical exposure risk of inspectors, the sampling number of waste samples, and inspection costs, this study proposed the use of Handheld Raman and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Technology for quick screening to differential the results obtained from traditional inspection samples. Precision, accuracy and cost-benefit analysis were conducted to fully understand the potential of such technology in improving environmental auditing.

    Laboratory solvents are used for testing basic functions of quick screening equipments. Analysis of experiments conducted in this study shows the features, advantages and disadvantages of handheld Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The better results obtained of quick screening is Raman followed by Fourier. The initial quick screening of 4 waste treatment plants show that the first three facilities received no tampered wastes, and the probability of occurrence of interference was low. Hence, is more suitable for the introduction of the screening technology in this study. On the other hand, the waste solvent composition received by the last factory was more complicated and the appearance color was often dark. Thus, tampering of the waste was suspected. This makes it less suitable to use the screening technology of this study. The results of two illegal dumping sites test analysis showed that, in the absence of interference, the quick screening apparatus was useful in testing most of the wastes. The qualitative properties of the dumping site samples were satisfactory. The target components of the samples can be detected, and the evaluation results illustrate that the proposed technology can indeed reduce the number of samples, effectively reducing the back-end laboratory analysis time and costs. The handheld Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer can be used to improve the effectiveness of environmental audits.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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