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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/78016

    Title: 應用手持式拉曼及傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜技術提昇環境稽查效能之研究;A Study on the Application of Handheld Raman and Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy Technology in Improving Environmental Inspection Efficacy
    Authors: 許鴻吉;HSU, HUNG-CHI
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 非法棄置場址;環境稽查;拉曼;傅利葉;快篩
    Date: 2018-07-26
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 15:08:41 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 為了可以有效掌握非法棄置場址現場資訊,降低稽查人員化學危害風險,減少廢棄物樣品採樣數,及降低檢驗成本,本研究嘗試運用手持式拉曼及傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜技術對非法棄置場址及工廠內廢棄物進行初步快篩,以了解其與傳統稽查採樣的差異性,並進行精密度、準確度及經濟效益分析,以充分了解導入該技術協助提升環保稽查效能之可行性。

    ;In order to effectively control the on-site information of illegal dumping sites to reduce the chemical exposure risk of inspectors, the sampling number of waste samples, and inspection costs, this study proposed the use of Handheld Raman and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Technology for quick screening to differential the results obtained from traditional inspection samples. Precision, accuracy and cost-benefit analysis were conducted to fully understand the potential of such technology in improving environmental auditing.

    Laboratory solvents are used for testing basic functions of quick screening equipments. Analysis of experiments conducted in this study shows the features, advantages and disadvantages of handheld Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The better results obtained of quick screening is Raman followed by Fourier. The initial quick screening of 4 waste treatment plants show that the first three facilities received no tampered wastes, and the probability of occurrence of interference was low. Hence, is more suitable for the introduction of the screening technology in this study. On the other hand, the waste solvent composition received by the last factory was more complicated and the appearance color was often dark. Thus, tampering of the waste was suspected. This makes it less suitable to use the screening technology of this study. The results of two illegal dumping sites test analysis showed that, in the absence of interference, the quick screening apparatus was useful in testing most of the wastes. The qualitative properties of the dumping site samples were satisfactory. The target components of the samples can be detected, and the evaluation results illustrate that the proposed technology can indeed reduce the number of samples, effectively reducing the back-end laboratory analysis time and costs. The handheld Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer can be used to improve the effectiveness of environmental audits.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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