|Abstract: ||隨著科技發展，聚合物奈米材料之相關研究備受關注，其中團聯共聚物（Block copolymer）之研究備受矚目。因此本研究重點在於自行合成三團聯共聚物，再以長碳鏈段作為層柱撐開層狀黏土，將三團聯共聚物嵌入至已撐開之黏土層隙間，形成黏土複合材料，並針對嵌入共聚物進行特性鑑定，經製備完成之團聯共聚物黏土複合材料，在進行對非離子(NOCs)有機污染物及無機重金屬吸持特性作探討。|
經實驗後證實本研究合成之黏土複合材料具有吸持（附）有機污染物（BTEX）、無機重金屬（Cu2+、Pb2+）能力。根據陰離子污染物（Cr6-）吸附結果雖效果未有文獻值佳，但仍具有一定吸附量，而有機污染物以改質土壤CS211有最佳吸持效果，苯、甲苯、乙苯、對二甲苯logkom 值分別為2.37、2.83、3.24、3.25。 陽離子金屬吸附皆較文獻值佳，銅離子最佳吸附量為45.2 mg/g；鉛離子最佳吸附量為80 mg/g，因此確定已成功改質具有多重功能之改質黏土，也針對完成有機污染物吸持實驗之改質土壤進行測定，確認改質後土壤崩解情況以及是否具備吸附無機污染物能力，研究結果來說，改質黏土中以CS112較其他改質黏土對污染物具有較大的吸持（附）能力。
;Since science and technology develop fast, a number of investigators pay attention to polymer nanomaterials. Among them, the study regarding to block copolymer has become a critical issue. In this study, we focused to synthesize a triblock copolymer, and then the synthesized chemicals with a long carbon were embedded in the interlayer of clay (montmorillonite) to increase basal spacing. The produced clay composite was characterized using various instruments. The prepared composite materials were applied to uptake non-ionic organic pollutants (NOCs) and inorganic metal ions.
Electronic properties, hydrophilicities, block copolymer size and synthesis sequence for the monomer to form triblock copolymer could affect the properties of composite materials. In this study, a method of “Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT)” was used to prepare the triblock copolymer. The block copolymers consist of methyl methacrylate (M), dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (D), methacrylic acid (A). The amino-group in D possesses the positive charge, which can be regarded as a cationic surfactant. Hydrogen ion in A could dissociate to form anionic surfactant under the pH >7. M possesses the relatively higher hydrophobicity that dissociates difficultly. In the montmorillonite, it was modified with two different layers. After drying, the triblock copolymer was added to the modified soil. Then, the sample was dried to obtained a composite-clay.
The result indicated that the clay composites synthesized in this study can uptake organic pollutants, (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene, BTEX), and metal ions (Cu2+, Pb2+and Cr6+). Although the adsorptive amount of Cr6+ is lower than that in literature, the adsorbent can effectively remove Cr6+ from aqueous solution. For BTEX, the CS211modified clay can generate the best adsorption effect. Moreover, logkom values for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, were 2.37, 2.83, 3.24, and 3.25, respectively. As for the cationic meatal ions, the adsorptive amounts are higher than those in literature. The maximum adsorption capacities for Cu2+ and Pb2+ are 45.2 and 80 mg/g, respectively. The result demonstrated the clay had been modified successfully. The adsorption experiment for the organic compounds on the modified clay examined the level of the soil disintegration after the modification and whether the produced adsorbents uptake inorganic pollutants or not. According to the research results, CS112 modified clay was regarded as the best adsorbent to remove the test pollutants.
Key words：triblock copolymer, modified clay, RAFT polymerization, layer column, BTEX, Cr6-, Cu2+, Pb2+