本研究的發現如下：一、返鄉青年能適時結合外部資源，並與在地居民建立良好關係，同時也使在地居民關係更為緊密，對於老年人口照護有間接性的幫助 二、返鄉青年執行計畫的過程中因外界不同聲音干擾，影響活動推展，導致計劃無法順利進行 三、返鄉青年非當地長久生長的在地人，思考角度易流於個人主觀，不利於「在地化」四、政府資源過度集中在單一團體，對當地產業資源整合造成負面影響。
;Hsinchu Country is a dominant agricultural area ; however, the aging of population and the exodus of young and middle-aged population had already impeded the development of agriculture. Under government support measures, promoting labor force to return is no longer a major problem. How to keep attracting young people back to village and retain them become the foremost subject.
The semi-structure interview method was adopted in this study, and the Shiherliao of Emei Township in Hsinchu County was taken as the main research target. About total of 20 local people were interviewed, and the respondents were gradually founded by snowballing. The interview process not only mainly explored the key to return home, but also understood the current problems encountered by young people returning home. In the end, focusing on the actual benefits of local practice after returning home. As an important carrier of cultural inheritance, young people choose to enter the rural place after living in the city, and carry out “disturbance” to the local area, gradually forming a new type of sustainable development model, which causes what kind of local development influence? Can it bring economic and social benefits while maintaining an ecological balance?
The findings of this study are as follows: First, the returning youth can combine external resources and establish good relations with the local residents. At the same time, the residents in the local area are more closely related, and there is indirect help for the elderly care. Second, in the process of implementing the plan, the young people interfere with the activities of the outside world, which affects the activities and promotes the plan. As a result, the plan can′t be carried out smoothly. Third, the returning youths are not local people who living in the countryside for long time. The angle of thinking is easy to flow subjectively, which is not conducive to localization. Fourth, government resources are excessively concentrated in a single group, which has a negative impact on the integration of local industrial resources.
Finally, as a community of emerging free living circles, its original intentions and even the obstacles of the process and encounters, give some guidance to the team who is willing to return to the countryside, so that returning to the countryside is no longer a temporary slogan or trend, which can becomes a sustainable development model.