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    题名: 整合震波速度構造、淺層震測與合成孔徑雷達干涉資料來探討台灣西部之地體構造;Investigating Crustal Structure in Western Taiwan Integrated from Seismic Tomography, Shallow Seismic Reflection, and Insar Data
    作者: 郭陳澔
    贡献者: 國立中央大學地球科學學系
    关键词: 盲斷層;義竹斷層;新化斷層;密集地震網;淺層震測;合成孔徑雷達干涉法;淺層剪力波速度構造;;Blind fault;Yichu fault;Hisnhua fault;dense seismic array;shallow seismic reflection;Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar;shallow shear wave velocity structure
    日期: 2018-12-19
    上传时间: 2018-12-20 11:42:19 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 科技部
    摘要: 在歷史紀錄上台灣西部地區災害型地震不斷的發生,造成人民生命與財產上極大的損害。此區域斷層的發育可分為兩個斷層系統,早期大陸邊緣拉張形成的正斷層系統與現今碰撞造山所形成的褶皺逆衝斷層帶。在此兩個斷層系統的交互作用下,地下斷層形貌十分複雜,尤其盲斷層則更難探知,但地震錯動後仍可能會造成重大的災害,例如:2016年的美濃地震。在過去本研究團隊曾於梅山地區與美濃地區佈密集的地震往並結合震測資料與地表形變資料可以探測地下斷層的幾何形貌與可能的岩性分佈,在此成功的基礎上,本計畫預結合密集地震網的佈設、震測與合成孔徑雷達差分干涉所獲得的形變資料來了解地下構造與地表變形的關聯性。此計畫預計為四年,前三年共佈設6個地震網,每個地震網有74個站,連續紀錄3個月,測站間距為5-6公里,將涵蓋台灣西部區域,用來反演地下速度構造與記錄地震。另外,在計畫的四年內選擇俱有發震潛勢的斷層(義竹與新化斷層)進行淺層高解析度調查,共4條,每條約4公里,並從合成孔徑雷達干涉法所計算的台灣西部形變資料來對比與地下構造之關係。此外,所收集密集地震網的資料用來反演地下淺部三維的剪力波速度構造,其結果可提供地震工程用來計算強地震動的重要參數。 ;Damaged earthquakes have occurred frequently in western Taiwan and several active fault zones are responsible for that. In this region, those fault zones can be grouped into two systems based on two tectonic stages that Taiwan has been through: the normal fault system by the rifted continental margin and the fold-and-thrust belts by mountain building process. Due to the interaction between these two fault systems, the geometries of fault zones are complicated and many are blind faults. In the past two years, my research team has successfully deployed two dense seismic arrays to look for the subsurface structures. Based on this we proposal a four-year research proposal to carry out dense seismic array deployments, shallow seismic reflections, and InSAR data in western Taiwan to have comprehensive results of the subsurface images and surface deformation. For the field experiments, we will deploy 6 seismic arrays and each array has 74 stations (5-6 km station spacing) and records continuously for 3 months to cover the whole western Taiwan in 3 years. Also, we will do shallow seismic reflections in Yichu and Hishua fault zones and each fault has two 4-km long profiles to investigate the fault zone structures. We also will process InSAR data to look for how the crustal structure from seismic surveys related to the surface deformation in western Taiwan. The shallow shear wave velocity, one of the results obtained from dense seismic arrays is important for the peak ground motion simulation for earthquake engineering.
    關聯: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    显示于类别:[地球科學學系] 研究計畫

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