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 Scope All of NCUIR 理學院    數學研究所       --博碩士論文 Tips: please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise resultsplease goto advance search for comprehansive author search Adv. Search
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 Title: 可分解友矩陣之數值域;Numerical Ranges of Reducible Companion Matrices Authors: 洪炳煌;Bing-Huang Hong Contributors: 數學研究所 Keywords: 可分解的;友矩陣;數值域;Companion Matrix;Reducible;Numerical Range Date: 2005-06-30 Issue Date: 2009-09-22 11:07:27 (UTC+8) Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館 Abstract: 在本論文中，我們首先學習一些關於友矩陣數值域的基本性質。參考文獻1特別探討可分解的友矩陣，同時還證明一個友矩陣的數值域是以原點為圓心的圓盤，其充分必要條件在於這個友矩陣是Jordan區塊。而我們在此僅針對那些數值域為橢圓形的可分解友矩陣作討論，並試圖給這些矩陣一個完整的特徵。 從論文第三節可以看出所有的4 × 4可分解友矩陣將完全被解決，原因是我們會證明一個4 × 4可分解友矩陣的數值域是橢圓，若且為若，這個矩陣的光譜為{a,-a,i/a,-i/a}，其中|a|≧sqrt(1+sqrt(2))；或者這個矩陣的光譜為{a,ai,-1/a,-i/a}，其中|a|≧1+sqrt(2)。最後，我們在論文的第四節就把討論的對象擴大為6 × 6可分解友矩陣。 In this thesis, we study some properties of numerical ranges of companion matrices. Previous works [1] in this respect are the criterion for these matrices to be reducible and show that the numerical range of a companion matrix is a circular disc centered at the origin if and only if the matrix equals the Jordan block. Here we want to give a complete characterization for reducible companion matrices with elliptical numerical range. In Section 3, 4 × 4 reducible companion matrices will be completely solved. We show that a 4 × 4 reducible companion matrix A has an ellipse as its numerical range if and only if either σ(A)＝{a,-a,i/a,-i/a} where |a|≧sqrt(1+sqrt(2)), or σ(A)＝{a,ai,-1/a,-i/a} where |a|≧1+sqrt(2). Here σ(A) denotes the spectrum of the matrix A. In Section 4, we discuss the cases for 6 × 6 reducible companion matrices. Appears in Collections: [數學研究所] 博碩士論文

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