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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/78957


    Title: 整合建築資訊模型與知識本體論以輔助消防安全設備自動化審查之研究;Integrating Building Information Modeling and Ontological Modeling to Facilitate Automated Fire Safety Equipment Reviews
    Authors: 王翰翔
    Contributors: 國立中央大學營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 消防安全設備審查;建築資訊模型;知識本體建模;Fire Safety Equipment Review;Building Information Model;Ontological Modeling
    Date: 2018-12-19
    Issue Date: 2018-12-20 14:21:04 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 科技部
    Abstract: 建築物於設計興建時透過配置各式消防安全設備來達成建物使用階段消防安全之目的,以確保建築物使用人之生命財產安全;建築物之消防安全設備必須於申請建造執照時,連同相關文件一併送至消防機關辦理審查,審查通過後方可取得建造執照。消防安全設備之審查係由公部門審查人員根據「各類場所消防安全設備設置標準」以人工作業方式進行,主要審查項目包括消防圖說平面圖、昇位圖及斷面圖等傳統的2維平面圖說,其中消防圖說昇位圖及消防圖說斷面圖的審查工作,審查人員必須具備3維空間的思維並相互對照消防設備在圖說上的位置以做出正確的審查判斷,因此在現行使用2維平面圖、配合審查者的經驗與想像來審查19項消防安全設備設計內容的作法,不僅耗時也容易發生誤判的問題。有鑑於我國目前許多地方政府皆推動使用建築資訊模型(Building Information Modeling,BIM)以輔助審查建造執照之計畫,其目的為使用「以模型為基礎且連結至專案資訊資料庫」的BIM技術做為工具,建立國內審查建造執照相關法規之環境系統,而將BIM工具導入至法規環境系統即可完成審查工作。因此,為解決前述消防安全設備審查耗時且容易發生錯誤的問題,本研究將建立以BIM為基礎之消防安全設備輔助審查模式,該模式將結合知識本體建模(Ontological Modeling)技術,利用知識本體語意豐富之表示及推理能力,建立消防安全設備設置標準之知識本體,對BIM模型內的建築與消防安全設備資訊進行是否符合法規之推論工作,以達到自動化審查消防安全設備,提升審查效率、預防審查錯誤之情事發生。 ;When a building is designed and constructed, various fire safety equipment is laid out to achieve fire safety of the building in the operation phase and to ensure building users’ life and property safety. The design of fire safety equipment of a building need to be reviewed during the application of the construction permit of the building and the permit will not be issued until the review is passed. A fire safety equipment reviewing process is performed manually by public authority reviewers in accordance to the “Standard for Installation of Fire Safety Equipments Based on Use and Occupancy”. Reviewers review fire safety equipment design on 2 dimension (2D) drawings; they have to imagine the design in a 3 dimension (3D) manner to make correct review judgment. However, this reviewing practice is time-consuming and error-prone. To address this practical limitation, this research will propose a building information model (BIM)-based fire safety equipment reviewing model, aiming at facilitating current reviewing practices. The model will incorporate an ontological modeling technique and leverage its ability of semantically-rich representation and reasoning to develop an ontology for the abovementioned fire safety equipment Standard. With the ontology, the building and fire safety equipment information in a BIM model can be reasoned about to achieve automated review of fire safety equipment, which enable the increase of reviewing efficiency and the prevention of reviewing errors.
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所 ] 研究計畫

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