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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/79223


    Title: 族群政治對客家社會影響之研究:以制度安排為中心-族群政治的文化敘事:以當代台灣客家為例;The Cultural Narratives of Ethnic Politics: Taking Modern Taiwan Hakka as an Example
    Authors: 吳忻怡
    Contributors: 國立中央大學通識教育中心
    Keywords: 族群政治;文化敘事;客家認同;族群認同;Ethic Politics;Cultural Narratives;Hakka Identity;Ethic Identity.
    Date: 2019-02-21
    Issue Date: 2019-02-21 15:04:46 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 科技部
    Abstract: 從威權體制到政治自由化的過程中,族群現象一直是台灣政治分歧的重要基礎,也是政治的重要變數。若要談論族群政治,則必須關注兩個基本問題:(一)族群如何成為一個集體的行動者?(二)族群作為一個集體的行動者,它政治表現的形式為何?在族群政治的脈絡下,有關當代台灣客家意識之興起,論者多半指向1980年代客家運動。不管是因為在語言、歷史記憶、政治經濟各方面呈現弱勢的地位;或是對台灣反動運動所代表的「閩南人」,及所謂「福佬沙文主義」表現質疑;客家運動興起的原因與重要內涵,正在於客家族群文化身份意識的覺醒。本子計畫試圖以三年為期,藉由敘事分析、文獻分析法、深入訪談法等研究方法,探究當代台灣的客家族群,在發展族群文化身份意識覺醒的過程中,如何透過各種文化工程,亦即各種不同層級與類型的文化敘事,來形塑族群成員的群體意識。同時,相關行動者,如何因為各種不同尺度的文化工程,嘗試召喚其族群身份來從事社會行動,乃至改變政治態度與政治行動。本子計畫將探討以下三個議題:一、官方的文化工程敘事:著重探討各級官方部門對於客家相關論述的打造、推行與運用;二、在地的客家文化創生:著重分析在地客家文史工作團體與工作者(社會行動者)對於「客家意象」、「客家論述」、「客家日常生活」的發掘、發想與挪用,以及對「客家認同」所產生的影響;三、交織的客家文化融合:著重考察台灣不同客家社群,包括「外省客家同鄉會」、「各式客屬宗親會」等團體,對族群身份與認同的各式言說,和對「當代台灣客家人」概念之詮釋、擴張與再造的可能性。簡言之,本子計畫核心關懷為:「客家族群透過文化敘事成為一個集體行動者如何可能?」。並以清晰描述「打造客家族群之文化工程與社會過程」,分析與確認現象,並理解其在族群政治脈絡下之深刻意義為研究主要目標。 ;The ideal of ethic group is an important and basic factor that influences the division of Taiwanese Politics from the time of state centralization to political decentralization. To discuss ethic politics, there are two essential questions to ask. First, how ethic group becomes a form of activity? Second, as a form of activity, what is the political form it presents?In the context of ethic politics, scholars who focus on the Hakka identity and consciousness in modern Taiwanese society often trace back to the Hakka activity in 1980s. Either from the concerns to the subjugated position Hakka culture and history rendered into or from the concerns of the Hoklo- Chauvinism, the essential and crucial reason that makes Hakka activity rise is the identity and cultural awakening of the Hakka.This research plan aims to make a three-year exploration about how the Hakka groups in modern Taiwanese society develop diverse forms of cultural narratives to build up the collective consciousness of their members. Also, it will further deal with how the related activists try to practice identity-based social activities and change their political attitude or activity due to those cultural narratives in diverse forms. The approach of this research plan will be narrative and text analysis and in-depth interview.This plan aims to explore the following three issues. First, the cultural narrative formed by the government: on how different departments in the government make and mobilize the discourses about Hakka. Second, the formation of local “Hakka culture”: on how local groups of culture offices and social activist explore and use the ideas of “Hakka imagery,” “Hakka Discourse,” and “Hakka Daily Lives.” Last, the intertwining mixture of Hakka Culture: on how different Hakka groups in Taiwan, including Waishen-Hakka and other Hakka associations, talk about ethic identity themselves and how to reconsider, expand and recreate the idea of “being a Hakka in modern Taiwan.” For short, the central concern of this research is “how the Hakka groups make the possibility of collective activity through the efforts of cultural narratives,” and the goal of this research will be analyzing the cultural engineering process of building Hakka culture and examine its meaning in the context of ethic politics.
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[通識教育中心] 研究計畫

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