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    题名: 矽鍺薄膜應用於近紅外光石墨烯光偵測器;Investigation of SiGe thin films for the Application of Near Infrared Graphene Photodetector
    作者: 陳聖文;Chen, Sheng-Wen
    贡献者: 光電科學與工程學系
    关键词: 矽鍺;石墨烯;MSM光偵測器;SiGe;graphene;photodetector
    日期: 2018-11-30
    上传时间: 2019-04-02 14:26:52 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 本論文主旨為製作矽鍺薄膜應用於近紅外光石墨烯電極光偵測器,並加以量測及分析。鍺的吸收波段恰可應用於光通訊常用之近紅外光波長,但因為鍺晶圓價格昂貴,若能將矽鍺薄膜成長於矽基板作為替代基板,將大幅降低成本,故利用熱退火方式矽擴散進入鍺薄膜內使其鍵結,而形成矽鍺薄膜後,可調變光學能隙,延伸吸收波長。

    一般而言會用金屬作為光偵測器之電極,但會影響受光面積,造成光損耗,所以本研究使用石墨烯作為光偵測器之電極,此優異的薄膜特性及光學穿透率,尤其單層石墨烯在紅外光區高達98.2 %穿透率,近乎透明,藉此提升主動層之照光面積,提升光電流,本實驗使用矽鍺薄膜作為光偵測器主動層,在雷射光波長1310 nm下,響應度可達到0.25 mA/W,其光暗電流比也有明顯區別。
    ;In this research, silicon germanium thin films for the application of the near infrared graphene electrode photodetector were fabricated, measured, and
    analyzed. Germanium is a material for the near infrared wavelength applications, such as optical communication. However, the high cost of germanium wafer make it difficult to be commercialized. To reduce the cost, a silicon germanium thin film has been grown on the silicon substrate as a virtual germanium substrate. Silicon is diffused into the germanium thin film by using thermal annealing method, to form the silicon germanium thin film, whose optical energy gap can be increased, and the absorption wavelength is extended.
    Another way to improve the property of silicon germanium photodetector is replacing the metallic electrodes as graphene ones. Normally, the metallic electrodes were utilized for the photodetectors. However, a part of light was blocked for the opaque property. In this study, graphene has been used as the electrodes of the photodetector. Because of its excellent characteristic of optical transmittance. The transmittance of a monolayer graphene in the infrared light region is up to 98.2% which can increase the absorption area and the photocurrent. Finally, the responsivity of the silicon germanium photodetector was achieved 0.25 mA/W for the wavelength 1310 nm.
    显示于类别:[光電科學研究所] 博碩士論文

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