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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/79669


    Title: 萬曆朝鮮之役的軍餉供給研究
    Authors: 羅玟諺;Luo, Wen-Yan
    Contributors: 歷史研究所
    Keywords: 軍餉;明代;朝鮮之役;女真崛起;明亡遠因;military rates;the Ming Dynasty;the Korean War;the rise of Rǔzhēn;the cause of the Ming Dynasty′s death
    Date: 2018-11-27
    Issue Date: 2019-04-02 15:12:22 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 萬曆朝鮮之役對於萬曆朝來說,是一場重要的戰役,這場戰役不但決定了朝鮮的命運,同時也是明朝國力的一種體現。從朝中大臣至帶兵將領,由糧食調配至領軍出征,皆耗費極大心力於此,最後終於給予日本重創,使朝鮮免於淪陷,也證明了明朝在該時代東亞圈不可動搖的主導地位。

      本文首先探討糧食供給的來源,透過分析可發現糧食有絕大部分是經由陸路山東往北至遼東再開拔朝鮮;或是先用京杭大運河運輸,先抵天津沿海,再送至朝鮮。故山東戰略地位為不可或缺。其次,本文探討糧食的運輸與匱乏,筆者將從陸運、海運、甚至是其他替代方案,來探討運輸至朝鮮之過程與困境,以及援助方朝鮮對於糧餉的安排與看法。最終,筆者將比較糧餉消耗、對於明朝的影響,以及糧食與戰爭勝負的必然關連。

      筆者藉本文之研究,不僅著眼於明朝與朝鮮的糧餉供輸,並希望以更多元的角度,來呈現明朝與朝鮮的消耗與辛勞。整體而言,萬曆朝鮮之役雖然耗費了明朝鉅額財富,包含了人力物力,相對的,卻換來了朝鮮的長治久安。這場戰爭之意義對於一個國家來說,極為重大,但是這重大意義的背後,卻是內部的大量消耗,甚至開始凋敝敗壞,進而影響到一個國家的發展,這也是我們不可忽視的重點。
    ;The Battle of Korea in Wanli was an important battle for the Wanli Dynasty, which not only determined the fate of the Korea, but also reflected the national strength of the Ming Dynasty. It took a great deal of effort from the Minister of the Central Dynasty to the commander of the army, from the grain distribution to the lead of the army to go on the expedition. At last, it gave Japan a heavy blow and saved Korea from the fall. It also proved the unshakable dominance of the Ming Dynasty in the East Asian Circle at that time.
      This paper first discusses the source of grain supply, through analysis can be found that the vast majority of grain through the land from Shandong to Liaodong and then pull up Korea; or the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal transport, first to Tianjin coast, and then to Korea. Therefore, Shandong′s strategic position is indispensable. Secondly, this paper discusses the transport and shortage of grain. The author will discuss the process and dilemma of transport to Korea from land, sea and even other alternatives, as well as the arrangement and views of the donors on grain rates. Finally, the author will compare the consumption of grain and wages, the impact on the Ming Dynasty, and the inevitable link between grain and the victory or defeat of the war.
      Through this study, the author not only focuses on the payment of grain and wages between the Ming Dynasty and the Korea, but also hopes to present the consumption and hardship of the Ming Dynasty and the Korea from a more diversified perspective. On the whole, although the Wanli Korean Battle consumed the huge wealth of the Ming Dynasty, including human and material resources, the relative, but in return for the long-term stability of the Korea. The significance of this war is of great importance to a country, but behind it lies a great deal of internal consumption, even the beginning of decay, which affects the development of a country. This is also the focus that we can not ignore.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文

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