關鍵字：轉換型領導、交易型領導、持續工作動機、工作成長動機 ;The purpose of this thesis is to discuss about how the different leadership styles affect the working motivation for the middle age and elder employees. In every country, rising age workers in the middle age and elder employees is a trend. Many countries have designed the related regulations to encourage the middle age and elder employees to continue working or extend their retire time. In the past literatures, the western researchers had found that age is in inverse proportion to continue working for the middle age and elder employees. However, two Taiwanese researchers Mr.Chuang (2015) and Ms.Fong (2018) gave us the different conclusions in their researches. That is to say, age is proportional to continue working. Therefore, this thesis bases on the results of these two Taiwanese researchers and try to further find the working motivation of the middle age and elder employees for helping the enterprises to develop the efficient management models and increasing the enterprise competition in the global market. In this thesis, how the two types of leaderships, transformational and transactional, can affect the continue working and working growth motivation for the middle age and elder employees. The two types of leaderships are set as the moderator. The physiological age (Calendar age) is the independent variable with continue working motivation and working growth motivation as the dependent variables. The research results is valuable for the management levels of enterprises since the research results prove that the leadership styles can affect the insider and outsider working motivation of employees. If the leaders can realize the effects of leaderships and learn how to enhance their leadership ability, the human resources can be used efficiently by the enterprises.
Keywords: Transformational leadership、Transactional leadership、Continue working motivation、Working growth motivation