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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/80374

    Title: MHD simulations on the formation of Fermi Bubbles with magnetic field
    Authors: 鄭翰;Cheng, Han
    Contributors: 天文研究所
    Keywords: 數值模擬;費米泡泡;磁場;銀河中心;磁流體力學;潮汐裂解事件;simulation;Fermi Bubbles;magnetic field;Galactic center;MHD;FLASH;tidal disruption event;TDE
    Date: 2019-07-23
    Issue Date: 2019-09-03 14:27:25 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 以可見光觀測,銀河系看起來是個扁平的盤狀結構,然而,以伽瑪射線波段觀測,除了扁平的盤狀結構外,在銀河中心方向的銀暈,還能觀測到兩個數千個秒差距的巨大泡泡狀結構。這泡泡狀的結構被叫做費米泡泡(Fermi bubbles),它的形成機制在許多文獻中被探討,而我們對於其中一項機制—恆星被銀河中心大質量黑洞捕獲造成的潮汐裂解事件(tidal disruption events)深感興趣,我們利用數值模擬的方法來研究費米泡泡的形成機制及其演化,銀暈中的氣體被模擬為呈指數衰減的大氣,潮汐裂解事件被模擬為一個巨大的能量釋放(爆炸事件),連續的爆炸事件發生在靠近銀河中心的小體積內,可以使物質不斷被推出、造成費米泡泡,我們改變每次爆炸的能量釋放、爆炸的時間間隔,系统性地調查費米泡泡的形成機制。從模擬結果發現,在相同的總能量釋放下,多次爆炸在泡泡內部造成的紊亂程度會比單次爆炸更為明顯。此外,周圍磁場的配置也被加以探討,磁場會阻礙泡泡的發展,在磁場壓力大的地方更為明顯。(相同能量釋放、爆炸時間間隔的)多次爆炸事件下,泡泡內部的亂流在有加磁場的狀況下比沒加磁場的狀況下還要明顯。最後,為了舉例說明,我們計算出模擬結果的X光亮度(projected X-ray emission)並與ROSAT在1.5千電子伏特波段的X-ray影像進行了比較。;In visible light, our Galaxy looks like a flat disk to us. However, in gamma ray, in addition to a flat disk similar to visible light there are two giant bubble-like structures extending several kpc in the Galactic halo in the direction of the Galactic center. The two structures are called Fermi bubbles and numerous mechanisms have been proposed for their formation. We are particular interested in the scenario of a series of tidal disruption events (TDEs) initiated by repeated stellar captures by the supermassive black hole in the Galactic center. We use numerical simulation to study the formation and evolution of the Fermi bubbles. The ambient gas in the halo is modeled as a layered exponential atmosphere, and the TDE is modeled as an outburst of a large amount of energy confined in a small volume enclosing the center (a.k.a. an explosion at the center). The series of explosions can drive an outflow and create the bubbles. A systematic survey of the formation process is performed. We vary the energy of each explosion, the interval between two explosions. With the same total energy, multiple explosion events give a more turbulent inner structure than a single event. Furthermore, we also examine different configurations of ambient magnetic field. In general, magnetic field hinders the development of the bubbles, especially in the high magnetic pressure region. For multiple explosion events with the same energy of each explosion and the same interval between two explosions, the case with magnetic field is more turbulent than the one without magnetic field. Finally, for illustration, we compute the projected X-ray emission from our simulation, and compare with the ROSAT X-ray map at 1.5 keV.
    Appears in Collections:[天文研究所] 博碩士論文

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