;The dialect point studied in this paper is located in Guangxi, Xingbin District, Laibin City, Xiaopingyang Town Hakka dialect. Laibin City is located at central Guangxi, Laibin City is located in central Guangxi. And it is also bounded by Guilin to the north, the south, the east, and the west. It is to the north of Liuzhou City, Guilin City, and Hechi City. It is to the east of Quzhou City, Guilin City,and Guigang City. It is to the west of Hechi City and Nanning City. It is to the south of Guigang City and Nanning City.Guangxi is a treasure land with rich language resources. Under the contact and integration of many dialects, it forms the unique characteristics of Hakka dialect in this area.
This study takes the Hakka dialect of Xiaopingyang Town in Laibin city as the research object. The paper takes actual survey method to study voice system and voice evolvement phenomenon of Hakka in Xiaopingyang Town and understand the historical phonological features and experienced phonological changes of Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect. With the further exploration of vocabulary, observe the vocabulary features of the Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect, and compare it with the Longhu, Shapu, and Gonghui Hakka dialects in Guangxi, and sort out the differences between vocabulary.
There are six chapters in this study. The first chapter is an introduction that consists of the motive and purpose,methodology,literature review.The second chapter represents the phonetic system of Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect that was obtained from the field reseach, including the initials, finals, tones, feature of tonal sandhi, literary and colloquial reading.In the third chapter,a comparison is made between Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect and the ancient Chinese phonology to discuss the sound evolvement and development of Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect.The fourth chapter is the special features of Xiaopingyang Hakka. It is also a review of first three chapters. It reviews initials, finals and tones in order to discuss the Xiaopingyang Hakka dialect situation and change mechanism.
The fifth chapter is the discussion of Xiaopingyang Hakka vocabularies. Throught arrangment ,we can classify five major categories of vocabulary, including type A (effected by Mandarin more), type B (the same in Guangxi), type C (unique), type BA(both type B and type A) , type AC(both type A and type C).The last chapter is the conclusion of the research results.It also reviews the shortage of this research and proposes the suggestions and directions for future Xiaopingyang Hakka research.