讓・雅各・盧梭(Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778)是18世紀法國著名哲學家，他的著作《愛彌兒》是教育界的不朽鉅著，影響源遠流長。在日新又新的世代更迭中，教育也逐漸發展出不同的樣貌。隨著科技的進步，我們可以用各種不同的資源來輔助教學，但問題是：「我們的教育成果有隨之進步嗎？」教育的目的在於擴展人的視野，得到質的提升。國力相對茁壯進步與之成長，世界便能趨於演進，逐步邁向完美。 不過從歷史的脈絡來看，科技的進展確實改善人類的生活，讓我們的生活便利舒適，但社會問題依然層出不窮；教育改良革新，學問日趨專業精美，卻根治不了惡行的發生。是不是我們社會在教育的制度上存在著根本的缺陷？本研究藉由《愛彌兒》的觀點出發，在比較書中的教育制度與現代教育的異同，或許可以從中察覺教育盲點，思索改進之處；試圖在現代小學教學現場融入盧梭理想教育的精髓，冀求邁向健全的教育方向。;Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) is one of the famous French philosophers in the 18th century. His work Émile is an immortal masterpiece of education and has a long tern influence. By generations, education has developed different ways gradually. With the advancement of technology, we can use a variety of different resources to assist teaching, but we still want to ask: “Will our educational achievements improve by the time?” The purpose of education is to expand people′s horizons and achieve qualitative improvement of human beings; National grows stronger, progressive, then the world will tend to improve and move toward perfection. However, from the perspective of history, the progress of science and technology has indeed improved the lives of human beings, making our lives more convenient and more comfortable, but social problems are still emerging. Education reform and innovation, learning is becoming more professional and exquisite, but still can’t prevent the evil conducts. Is there a fundamental flaw in our education system of society? Based on the viewpoint of " Émile ", this study may be able to detect blind spots in education by consider about the different of the educational system in this book and the modern education; trying to integrate Rousseau′s ideal education essence in the modern elementary school. Then, we may reach to a consummate education.