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|Title: ||環境幸福的啟動：體驗與實現;The Actuation of Environmental Happiness: Experientialism and Fulfillment|
|Authors: ||瞿慎思;Qu, Shensi|
|Keywords: ||隱喻;君子成德;成性存存;開物成務;永續性;metaphor;the moral persons to achieve the function of Yi;accomplishment of things in nature and self-cultivation;development to the accomplishment of human affairs;sustainability|
|Issue Date: ||2019-09-03 15:02:34 (UTC+8)|
;According to the value of human being and existing, this thesis queries the possibilities to achieve happiness in the domain of environment ethic. Issues are discussed in environment ethic as how human treat environment morally, and the trait of the issues is the treated objects somehow are lacking abilities to response. Therefore for ensuring the moral status of the objects in nature, philosophers endow them with intrinsic value or ecosystem value which are in an objective sense and independent to human. According that, objects in nature have their own moral status and they ought to be treated morally while human make a referred statement. I argued that objective intrinsic value for supporting the moral status of objects in nature is limited and unsound. I think that to substitute the objective intrinsic value with the Confucian style of self-value expansion is valid.
If we try to analyze the statement of “Tian-ren-he-de” in Yi-zhuan into two part, the law of “tian”(nature) and the law of human, we will find it is hard to justify and clarify the law of “tian”, so as to make the limited law of human and the law of “tian” to be consistent. It is a difficult problem, since there are too many metaphors in Yi-zhuan for implicating its meanings. Unlike the enormous system with glossing and explanation of words in ancient books of traditional Chinese department, I adopt the conceptual metaphor theory (CMT) as the approach to analyze the conceptual structure in Yi-zhuan. We grasp the implications of Yi-zhuan with the methods of CMT. Therefore, with the analyzation of some important examples in Yi-zhuan through the methods of CMT, the argument could be set up for revealing the moral persons to achieve their self-fulfillment, and to take care the surrounding things at the same time. The logics of Yi provides rules for fortune telling. But it’s more important than the fortune telling, that the explanations guide people seek their proper niche and grasp a proper timing for meeting the good and getting away from the bad. With practicing the logics of Yi, noticing the subtle signs for future could be learned by the moral persons. The moral persons may achieve their self-fulfillment with the 4 kinds of value, “yuan”（元）, “heng”（亨）, “li”（利） and “zhen”（貞） explicated in Yi-zhuan. According the motivation about meeting the good and avoiding the bad and emphasizing self-cultivation, it is possible that the ethics of the views of Yi-zhuan could support morality and happiness to be consistent.
With the implications of Yi-zhuan that explicate the virtues of the moral persons and the values of human being and existence, it may reveal with “development to the accomplishment of human affairs”（開物成務） and “accomplishment of things in nature and self-cultivation” （成性存存）for taking care for environment with the law of human. It may work to develop the sustainability of environmental ethical concerns in the context of Yi. And that will be a good solution to become a substitute for the western mainstreaming thought of sustainability. That is the environmental ethical viewpoint of “the law of human by the theory of Yi”.
|Appears in Collections:||[哲學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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