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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/80884


    Title: 大學與企業合作對知識溢出的影響 -以台灣的大學為例
    Authors: 廖健宇;CHIEN-YU LIAO
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所
    Keywords: 知識溢出;產學合作;專利引用;零膨脹負二項模型
    Date: 2019-07-18
    Issue Date: 2019-09-03 15:14:04 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 近年來,產學合作比例日益增加,不論是大學或技職院校,都和大小企業簽有產學合作案。我國自民國91年以成立6個區域產學中心,超過40個技術研發中心。同時也制定了「科技基本法」,鼓勵學校和業界有更多的合作計畫,而產學合作金額自民國92年以來呈現飛越性的成長,而專利獲得的件數與技術轉移的金額也逐年的增加,大學的知識與研發能力已成為企業創新中不可或缺的一部分。
    因此,本文觀察了台灣的大學在美國申請公開及核准的專利,以半導體與資訊類別為主,研究期間為2007至2016年,共10年的資料進行分析,比較大學與企業合作是否會對知識的溢出有影響。
    本研究使用負二項模型與零膨脹負二項模型進行實證估計,並透過檢定是否有零值過多的問題,來決定使用哪一個模型。研究結果顯示,專利所有權的轉讓對企業的知識溢出有正向顯著的影響,但大學與企業共同持有對知識的溢出卻是不顯著的,這可能表示著大學轉讓給企業的專利,對企業有更大的影響力或知識價值,也表示著大學以企業合作對知識的溢出是有幫助的。最後我們分析了對組織內部知識溢出的影響,因為組織成員之間也可能會有知識溢出的效果存在,研究結果顯示,大學與企業合作的兩種模式,都為正向顯著與我們預期相符,因為合作本身就是包含了知識的交流與技術的轉移,企業與學校合作得到新的知識與技術,進而增加自己後續專利引用此專利的可能性。當然我們很難明確的知道組織成員之間的關係或是否為同一發明人所引用,因此,或許用對自己後續專利發明的影響力做為解釋會比對組織內部知識溢出的影響會更為恰當。
    ;In recent years, the proportion of industry-university cooperation has been increasing. Whether it is a university or a vocational college, it has signed industry-university cooperation cases with large and small enterprises.
    The amount of industry-university cooperation in Taiwan has grown by over-the-counter since 2003, and the number of patents obtained and the amount of technology transfer have also increased year by year. The university′s knowledge and research and development capabilities have become an indispensable part of enterprise innovation.
    Therefore, this paper observes the patents that University of Taiwan apply for in the United States to open and approve, mainly in the semiconductor and information categories. During the research period from 2007 to 2016, a total of 10 years of data. Comparing university-enterprise cooperation will have an impact on knowledge spillovers.
    This paper uses the negative binomial model and the zero inflated count model for empirical estimation, and determines which model to use by examining whether there is excess-zero problem. The research results show that the transfer of patent ownership has a positive and significant impact on the knowledge spillover of enterprises, but the overflow of knowledge held by universities and enterprises is not significant, which may indicate the patents transferred by the university to enterprises. Greater influence or intellectual value also indicates that it is helpful for universities to cooperate with enterprises to spill knowledge. Finally, we analyze the impact on knowledge spillovers within the organization, because there may be knowledge spillovers among the members of the organization. The results show that the two models of university-enterprise cooperation are positively consistent with our expectations. Of course, it is difficult to know clearly whether the relationship between members of the organization is cited by the same inventor. Therefore, it may be more appropriate to explain the influence of the subsequent patent invention than to the knowledge spillover within the organization.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文

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