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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/81560


    Title: 探討高中生的做筆記信念與先備知識對做筆記歷程的影響;Exploring the influence of high school students′ note-taking beliefs and prior knowledge on the process of taking notes
    Authors: 姚登翔;Yao, Deng-Hsiang
    Contributors: 學習與教學研究所
    Keywords: 高中生;做筆記信念;先備知識;做筆記歷程;senior high school students;note-taking beliefs;prior knowledge;note-taking process
    Date: 2019-08-14
    Issue Date: 2019-09-03 16:02:43 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 做筆記的編碼與外部儲存功能,使得透過做筆記來學習的學生能獲得好的學業成就,然而並非所有做筆記的學生的學習表現都相近,即使學業成績相近也可能有截然不同的做筆記歷程。本研究將調查做筆記信念,與了解高中生的做筆記歷程,並探討做筆記信念和先備知識對做筆記歷程的影響。

    研究工具分別是:先備知識測驗、做筆記信念問卷、做筆記材料與事後訪談。研究對象是桃園地區的80位高二生,測得學生的學科先備知識與做筆記信念後,篩選出32人接著進行做筆記操作與做筆記歷程訪談,其中分組方式依信念分成高、低兩組各16人,同時也依先備知識分成高、低兩組各16人。

    研究結果顯示:(1)高中生做筆記信念問卷的平均值為中間偏高,表示高中生普遍有不錯的做筆記信念。(2)高中生大多會使用瀏覽與畫線策略,並認為筆記應精簡且包含重點、需具備結構,且使用圖形組織多是為了建立概念連結。(3)先備知識會影響建立圖形組織與是否寫進筆記的原因。高先備知識組做圖形組織以建立概念連結的次數顯著高於低先備知識組,且選擇寫進筆記原因多元,包含重點、形成連貫與幫助理解等原因。(4)做筆記信念會影響建立圖形組織與是否寫進筆記的原因。高信念與低信念者建構圖形組織的原因都以建立概念連結最多;在寫筆記的原因方面,高信念組與高先備知識組同樣多元,而低信念組則傾向只記下重點。;The encoding and external storage functions of note-taking help students behave well in academic performance. However, not all the students who take notes have similar academic performance. Even if they have similar academic performance, they may have different notes. As a result, the purpose of this study was to investigate high school students′ note-taking beliefs, their note-taking process, and explore the influence of note-taking beliefs and prior knowledge on the note-taking process.

    This study adopted a note-taking beliefs investigation, a biology prior knowledge test, an expository texts note-taking, and a note-taking process interview. Participants of this study involved 80 senior high school students in Taoyuan. At first, they took note-taking beliefs investigation and biology prior knowledge test. And then, we chose 32 students among them and separated them into high and low group based on their note-taking beliefs and prior knowledge respectively. We made these groups of students take notes and take note-taking interviews.

    The results of the study showed that (1) The average of senior high school students′ note-taking beliefs was 2.70, indicating that they generally had higher beliefs in taking notes. (2) Before taking notes, most of the senior high school students browsed the texts and highlighted the main ideas. Also, they thought that the notes should include main ideas, a good structure, and graphic organizations which establish relationships between concepts. (3) The prior knowledge would affect the reasons why students built the graphic organizations and decided what to write. The high prior knowledge group built graphic organizations to establish relationships between concepts significantly more frequently than the low prior knowledge group. Furthermore, the high prior knowledge group also noted information with more multiple reasons, including emphasis, forming coherence, and helping understanding. (4) Note-taking beliefs would affect the reasons why they built the graphic organizations and decided what to write. The reason why most of the high and low note-taking beliefs group built the graphic organization is to establish relationships between concepts. Moreover, the high note-taking beliefs group also noted information with more multiple reasons, while most of the low note-taking beliefs group tends to record the note by emphasis mainly.
    Appears in Collections:[學習與教學研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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