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|Authors: ||阮心姿;Juan, Hsin-Tzu|
|Issue Date: ||2020-09-02 15:00:00 (UTC+8)|
;The research was to study Yun Ri-chu(惲日初,1601-1678), the disciple of Ji-shan(劉蕺山,1578-1645) School, as well as to explore the literatures of Ji-shan School, “Categorized selections of works of Liu Zong-zhou” by Yun Ri-chu, and few selections of his works. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences among lineages of Ji-shan School so as to understand the wholeness and truth of Ji-shan School with better comprehensiveness and fair judgement.
After the research, the author found that Yun Ri-chu focused on the spirit of actual practice and the emphasis on Self-Discipline (Shen Du) of Ji-shan. It was stated that one had to understand Self-Discipline from the perspective of practice. It was believed by Yun that one should manifest and practice the philosophy of “as inner so transcendent” in daily lives. Yun followed this path and wrote down his understanding about Ji-shan School into “Categorized selections of works of Liu Zong-zhou”. The feature of this book was the aim of practicing philosophy of Ji-shan School instead of expanding the theory so as to emphasize as well as express the spirit of practice of Ji-shan.
Besides, this paper also discussed about the dispute between Yun Ri-chu and Huang Zong-xi(黃宗羲,1610-1695) over the lineages. It was acknowledged by the successors of Ji-shan that there was a lineage battle between Wang Yang-ming’s(王陽明,1472-1529) and Chu Xi’s(朱熹,1130-1200). The different perspectives on Self-Discipline by Wang and Chu had shown that it was difficult to decide whether Ji-shan School followed the lineage of philosophy of mind or that of neo-confucianism. Huang Zong-xi focused Ji-shan School on Wang’s philosophy of mind. Instead, Yun Ri-chu did not accurately decide the lineage of Ji-shan because he focused greatly on the practical side of it. Moreover, Yun believed that the school and lineage had been contributed by both Chu and Wang. After the research on Yun Ri-chu, it was hoped that scholars could gain new understanding and opinions about Ji-shan. The author wished to provide explanation of Ji-shan philosophy from another angle. Furthermore, it was expected to help scholars to understand more about the development of Ji-shan School from Ming dynasty to Qing dynasty, and to acquire the knowledge about how it was related to the change of school of philosophy.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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