本計畫將從不同時代、場域以及學科，觀察對李卓吾的爭議，除了希望可以對李卓吾有更全面的理解，並進一步分析如何形成其〈童心說〉的典範地位。從時代來看，晚明不同陣營給予李卓吾妖人畏罪與不羈殉道的不同評價；清代實學主張淡化了李卓吾的重要性，卻在五四重新被改革者標舉出來，彷彿成為思想的啟蒙進步者。而李卓吾的重要性在當今思想史及文學史中也是完全不同的主張，晚明文學的宗主地位導因於他提出的〈童心說〉，且不斷被放大、簡單化童心說的概念意義，使其成為經典。本計畫便希望透過研究，建構出〈童心說〉被經典化的歷程。 ;This project will observe Li Zhuowu's controversy from different eras, fields and disciplines. In addition to hoping to have a more comprehensive understanding of Li Zhuowu, and further analyze how to form its exemplary status of "Children's Heart Theory". From the point of view of the times, different camps in the late Ming Dynasty gave Li Zhuowu different evaluations of the demon fear and uninhibited martyrdom; the Qing dynasty advocates downplayed Li Zhuowu's importance, but was re-marked by the reformers in the May Fourth Movement, as if he had become an enlightened and progressive person in thought. . The importance of Li Zhuowu is completely different in today ’s history of thought and literature. The supremacy of late Ming literature stems from his "Children's Doctrine", which has been continuously enlarged and simplified. It became a classic. This project hopes to construct a classical course of "Children's Heart Theory" through research.