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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/84513

    Title: 可進行溶液製程之有機併環?吩光電材料之開發;Development of Solution Processable Fused-Thiophene Based Molecules for Optoelectronics
    Authors: 賴重光
    Contributors: 化學學系
    Keywords: 過渡金屬錯合物;單或雙硼化合物;五圓雜環;液晶中間相;盤狀;Metallomesogens;coordination complexes;borondifluoride;heterocyclic derivatives;columnar phases
    Date: 2020-12-08
    Issue Date: 2020-12-09 09:29:19 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 科技部
    Abstract: 本實驗室過去多年之主要研究領域為設計、製備、與探討含過渡金屬錯合物之中間相液晶材料,過渡元素主耍為3d日4d軌道等金屬。近二年來部份研究領域轉移至主族(Group 13, IIIB),其中探討元素主耍為硼(B)及鋁(Al),計畫中於分子結構設計上為有含單硼(BF2)及双硼化合物(BF2)2,分子形狀上有桿狀分子及盤狀分子,與具有矩間形狀(catenar)。硼為非金屬元素、缺電子、且較酸性等;其配位數多為三及四(CN=3, 4),氧化數為OS=III,配位幾何結構為平面三角形或四面體。另一探討Group 13元素為鋁;鋁為金屬;亦較缺電子、且較酸性,配位數多為四或六,配位幾何結構多為八面體。這二類化合物為本實驗室近期發展之新穎液晶材料。含單硼或双硼化合物不僅展示新穎液晶行為,硼更發現其爲發光材料。單晶結構分析証實單硼及双硼中心均為四面體,而双鋁中心則爲八面體結構。在配位基結構設計上主要為(a)具五圓及六圓環結構或其衍生物,例如;1,3,4-oxadiazole, pyrozales, isoxazoles。雜環結構配位基具有一些特性;例如:(1) 其化學性質或結構穩定性及易製備;(2) 中心結構較不具共平面性,分子對稱性較低,產生液晶相之澄清點可較低,利於後續應用性之探考;(3) 多數具光學性質,可開發成發光材料;(4) 配位方式多樣性,可得單、或雙金屬結構化合物。 本計畫中之設計分子含硼結構多以探考具[O,O]及N,O]的配位方式為主。 ;Metallomesogens, i.e. metal-containing liquid crystals have been our research focus during the past years. Recently, our research target has been slightly shifted to mesogenic materials containing main group 13 (or IIIB) elements. Complexes or adducts containing boron difluoride (BF2) have received much attention during the past years. Many known BF2 complexes, widely investigated as fluorescent materials have shown the potential applications in many areas such as biological imaging, molecular probes, electroluminescent devices, photo- sensitizes and others. These complexes were often generated by reactions of BF3 and conjugated chelating ligands. Boron, a nonmetal element of Group 13 (IIIA), is considered as an electron deficient atom. It has an oxidation state of three and the most complexes all form a triangular or tetrahedral geometry. Many unique boron complexes have been reported and their optical properties were extensively investigated. Three types of coordination modes, i.e. B-[O,O], B-[N,O] and B-[N,N0], have long been known for core boron. The majority of BF2 complexes were coordinated with O,O-chelating ligands, such as diketonates and triketonates. Recently, much attention has been paid to such BF2-[O,O] complexes, when studied in applications of two-photo absorbing molecules, luminescent materials, sensors and near-IR probes. In contrast, rarer complexes coordinated to N,N-chelating ligands were known, such as diketiminates and formazanates. Only a few complexes were known to complex with N,O-chelating ligands, such as quinolone-ketones. These BF2-[N,O] complexes often showed interesting photophysical and photochemical properties, which might have applications in OLED, OFET, LCs and others. The diketiminate and formazanate moieties were considered as redox-active and nearinfrared dyes that showed larger Stokes shifts upon complexation to boron from heterocyclic compounds. Boron complexes containing mono-BF2 and bis-BF2 moieties will be continuously studied. Columnar and smectic phases are expected to exhibit by these boron complexes depending the shape of the molecules. In addition, their optical properties will be also explored in detail. A few novel structures containing tris-(BF2)3 will be prepared in this proposal,
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[化學學系] 研究計畫

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