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    题名: 標籤交換虛擬網路下端點對端點服務品質保證之研究;A Study of End-to-End QoS Guarantee in the MPLS Virtual Network
    作者: 范吉慶;Chi-Ching Fan
    贡献者: 資訊工程研究所
    关键词: 虛擬網路;服務品質;QoS;Virtual Network
    日期: 2005-07-14
    上传时间: 2009-09-22 11:38:36 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 近年來,隨著網際網路的迅速發展以及使用人數的增多,使得網路服 務品質的需求變成是不可獲缺的,另外,在面對越來越複雜的網路資源, 如何有效地管理網路資源,也變成是網路管理者所必須面臨的重要議題之 一。 由網際網路標準制訂組織(Internet Engineering Task Force,IETF)所制 訂的兩種服務品質的架構:整合式服務架構(IntServ Architecture)以及差異 式服務架構(DiffServ Architecture),以及近年來用於寬頻網路的多重協定 標籤交換技術(Multi-Protocol Label Switching,MPLS),以MPLS 的明確 路由,可以使整體網路資源的利用更加地有效率,並且可以達到服務品質 的保證。 在本論文中,由實體網路所分割出來的元件(Components),組成虛擬 網路(Virtual Networks),使得網路管理者便可輕易地從較實體網路簡化的 虛擬網路,分配網路資源給使用者所需求的連線,並可將網路管理者分 成:「管理網路服務效能」以及「管理網路元件」兩類,簡化網路管理者 管理網路資源的複雜度,本論文中,採用覆蓋模型(Overlay Model):差異 式服務建構在負載控制服務(CLS)上,此模型將可達到上述所說目的。而 從實體網路所分割出的虛擬網路,可視為提供負載控制服務的元件,若兩 元件內有重複的點,則此兩元件可視為互連。服務品質元件亦可依據流量 的狀況,做彈性地安排。另外,在建置元件以及虛擬網路上選路徑則採用 Worst-shortest Path Algorithm (WSP )方式 以及 Best-fit Shortest Path Algorithm (BSP )方式。模擬結果也說明,我們論文中的架構,可應用在網 路服務品質的管理上。 In recent years, with rapid deployment of the Internet and the increasing of the number of people of use, the need for the quality of service has become an essential requirement of network services. In addition, facing more and more complicated network resources, how to manage the network resources effectively is one of the most important issues for the network administrator. The two kinds of quality of service Architectures: Integrated Services Architecture (IntServ Architecture) and Differentiated Service Architecture (DiffServ Architecture) made by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) for the provisioning of QoS in internet. And the Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) is adopted for broadband internet recently. By using the MPLS explicit route, it can make the utilization of network resources more efficient , and can get the guarantee of quality of service . In this thesis, the concept of QoS components, which are formed from physical network to make up the Virtual Networks, can make network administrator easily to allocate network resources to connections. By using this approach, the works of network management can be divided into the management of network quality of service and the management of network QoS components so ,that the management works can be simplified. In this thesis, the overlay model, differential services over control load service, is applied to achieve the above goal. Each virtual network, formed from the physical network, is regarded as a control load QoS component and QoS components are interconnected, if there exists overlapped nodes, into a higher layer network topology for providing connections. QoS components are considered to be flexible arrangement according to traffic condition. Both of Worst-shortest Path Algorithm (WSP ) and Best-fit Shortest Path Algorithm (BSP ) are applied for the establishment of QoS components and the selection of QoS paths. Simulations are also performed to illustrate that our approach is applicable for the QoS management in internet.
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