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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/9623


    Title: 環場鳥瞰監視停車輔助系統;A Bird-view Surrounding Monitor System for Parking Assistance
    Authors: 陳逸夫;Yi-fu Chen
    Contributors: 資訊工程研究所
    Keywords: 廣角校正;視點轉換;扭曲校正;影像接合;色彩校正;影像拼接;影像合成;image mosaic;image stitching;color correction;image synthesis;distortion correction;viewpoint transformation
    Date: 2008-06-27
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 11:52:01 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 為了實現車輛週遭無視線死角的概念,我們提出一套車體環場鳥瞰監視系統。分別在車輛前後及兩側架設廣角相機,相機所拍攝影像經由轉換及組合成一個俯視車輛週遭環境的鳥瞰影像提供給駕駛者,藉以達到安全停車輔助的目的。 廣角相機提供較大的視野範圍,但也帶來嚴重的畫面扭曲問題。為了找出相機扭曲係數,我們利用投影成像原理建立扭曲係數的優劣評估準則。利用精確的扭曲係數將扭曲的原始影像還原成正確的透視投影影像。 整個系統的實做觀念是,我們假設在車輛上方有一個俯視車輛的虛擬相機,再將各扭曲校正後的影像轉換成虛擬相機所拍攝的影像。其過程可分為兩個步驟;首先原始影像點反投影至地平面,接著再從地平面投影至虛擬相機影像平面上。因為相機相對於車輛的位置固定,所以只需一次相機校正程序即可完成上述連續影像序列的轉換。 扭曲校正及鳥瞰轉換皆需利用相機內外部參數,我們使用一個基於平面校正板的相機校正技術。此相機校正技術只需一個參考平面,且允許任意變換相機的空間位置及指向,校正過程簡易且有彈性,取得的參數亦很精確。 最後我們利用一個簡單的統計分析技巧,將一影像的色彩特徵轉移至另一影像,讓四部相機所拍攝的影像能夠有比較一致的色彩。 我們用四部簡易型的相機架設在一部中古車上實現我們所提的“環場鳥瞰監視停車輔助系統”。由於設備不夠精良,在四部相機影像的對位上還有一些誤差。未來更新設備,可以讓我們的系統表現更完美。 To realize the concept of “No blind spot around the vehicle”, cameras are used to support the driver's visibility. We propose a system that employs four wide-angle cameras mounted in the front, rear, and both sides of a vehicle to capture images; images are then transformed and combined a bird-view image of the surrounding area of the vehicle to provide to the driver. To generate a bird-view of the surrounding area, we define a virtual camera above the vehicle. The bird-view image is constructed in two steps. First, image pixels of the wide-angle cameras are back-projected to the ground plane. Second, the ground points are projected to the virtual camera. The system is composed of four cameras with wide-angle lenses to get a wide field of view, but introducing a heavy distortion on images. To find the distortion parameter of a camera, we assume the basic property of the pinhole camera model: line segments in the 3-D space will always project as 2-D lines in the image plane. Concerning the problems of distortion removal and inverse perspective mapping with the knowledge of the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of cameras have to be solved. A technique for camera calibration using a planar pattern is presented. Finally, we use a simple statistical analysis method to impose one image’s color on another, which improves the quality of the results. In this thesis, we show how to transform and combine images from four wide-angle cameras to provide a bird-view of the surrounding area of a vehicle on a single display.
    Appears in Collections:[資訊工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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