During the Qianlong era of the Qing Dynasty, the family of Wang Tingchang landed in Houlong of Miaoli, gradually moving to Jiushe and Xinshe in Hsinchu with achievements in family business expansion. At the end of the Qianlong era, Pingpu “cooked aborigine” leader Wei Agui recruited Han farmers to begin cultivation in Guanxi. By this point, the family of Wang Tingchang had been residing in Guanxi for over two hundred and twenty years. Guanxi was originally an area inhabited by the Atayal Tribe. In terms of cultivation in the Qing Dynasty, it was a region between the inner mountains and the Aboriginal lands. There was no formal cultivation until the aboriginal cultivation system was implemented near the end of the Qianlong era, and this was one of the areas where cultivation was most difficult. The fact that the Wang family and Wei Agui participated in early and successful cultivation at Guanxi, along with the establishment of considerable agriculture, showed that the Wang family made indelible contributions to development of the Guanxi region.
This thesis seeks to research the cultivation process of the family of Wang Tingchang in Guangxi, Hsinchu, under the Qing Dynasty, in order to understand the development of Hakka immigrants under early geographical environments and historical and temporal conditions, in turn learning about certain aspects of development in the hilly regions in northern Taiwan during the Qing Dynasty. The thesis focuses on three parts: the first part traces the migration history of the Wang family; the second part explores cultivation and development of the Wang family in Taiwan; the third part deals with the Wang family’s social participation.
Research in this thesis discovers that first, Words in Rule Books and Agreements of Consensus proved that between 1788 and 1802, Wang Tingchang played a key role in the early history of Yimin Temple. Second, the family of Wang Tingchang’s contributions in Hakka regional development in Hsinchu involved complementary cultivation work and social public affairs participation, gradually establishing the family’s leadership position and reputation. Third, the family of Wang Tingchang had an innovative character in facing challenges. The developmental process of the family showed a historical microcosm of different ethnic groups working together to cultivate the hilly regions in Hsinchu.
Keywords: Guanxi, Xiancaiong, Wang Tingchang, Wei Agui