|dc.description.abstract||In recent years, followership is a new research phenomenon in management field. In a dramatic change of business environments and organizations, the benefits of followers in an organization become more important. However, the lack of implicit followership related research in the Chinese context. The study aims to provide a systematic framework associated with leaders’ personal assumptions about the traits and behaviors toward followers, and develop a valid measure of implicit followership in Chinese society.
The study built on three stages. In Stage 1, after confirmatory categorization process, 24 measurement items were developed. In Stage 2 and Stage 3, through survey process, we collected 264 and 253 samples (Samples in stage 3 which includes Taiwanese and Chinese organizations) respectively. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis indicated four dimensions, includes Industrious, Following leaders, Team-oriented, and Suggesting (We also abbreviate to IFTs). Not only first-order four-factor model, but also the second-order model supported with good model-fitness. Thus, we decided to adopt the second-order model, which combined the four dimensions of implicit followership. Evidence also supported with convergent validity, discriminant validity, and criterion-related validity. Lastly, we used proactive versus active and action versus belief as two axes, and developed a model of implicit followership including four quadrants, Industrious, Following leaders, Team-oriented, and Suggesting, respectively.
This newly developed measure would be a tool provide organization or supervisor for talent identification, and talent management, succession-plan, career management as well. In addition, this findings suggest that supervisor could establish one ideal implicit followership in their mind, and base on the same system to examine every followers to avoid individual errors.||en_US|